Up@dawn 2.0

Sunday, October 5, 2014

Study Guide, exam #1 - all sections

UPDATE, Monday 9 a.m.-
All sections, use this as it stands (including FQs from the other sections) as your Study Guide.

Groups who didn't get your FQs posted this weekend: you've missed your opportunity to help customize the exam. Do better next time.

Groups who did: an additional bonus run.

I'll rewrite the exam questions as necessary, to make them glossary-friendly. Best study advice: reread the relevant texts. Don't just memorize Qs & As.

The very best study advice, of course, is to have been so immersed in our subject all along that you can take exam-eve off. Cramming doesn't work. It defeats the purpose of higher education, which is not just the temporary mastery of a few random facts but the permanent personal growth that comes from actually learning cool and important stuff.

Here's an extra-credit discussion question you can respond to, for the exam: Which side are you on, Team Aristotle, Team Plato, or neither? Why?

OR, you can come up with your own.

-jpo
==

UPDATE, Sunday 5 p.m.-
Still looking for #9/2 & 3; 10/1; 13/1; 14/2 & 3.
==
Saturday a.m.-
Where are those 10 quiz questions, groups? (Except #9/3, #10/2, & #13/2)

If you're waiting for someone else to do it, I suggest not. Two bonus runs for whoever takes the initiative, and two for whoever copies and pastes the study guide.  (Remember to include your section & group #s.)
==
UPDATE, Sunday a.m. -
...I'm planning to make the exams this afternoon, groups, so please get those 10 FQs posted promptly! -jpo
==

          - The destruction of Athens

2. The word philosopher comes from the Greek word meaning what?
          - Love of wisdom

3. Who was Aristotle's teacher?
          - Plato

4. What is the main teaching of skepticism?
          - Don't commit to anything

5. Who was the first major stoic?
          - Xeno

6. Who wrote the book Confessions, City of God?
          - Augustine

7. Who was the lady in Boethius's cell?
          - Lady Philosophy

8. Those who argue for some form of equality are known as?
          - Egalitarians

9. What book did Machiavelli write?
          - The Prince

10. How old was Hobbes when he died?
          - 91
==

10/3

Q:  What famous article did Isaiah Berlin write?
A:  Two Concepts of Liberty

Q:  A __________ argument is one that doesn't rely on any observation of the world to reach a conclusion.
A:  rationalist

Q:  Who was the person in Boethius' cell?
A:  Lady Philosophy

Q:  Who is the first "Major" stoic?
A:  Zeno

Q:  What does the Greek word 'telos' mean?
A:  Purpose

Q:  List one crime Socrates was convicted of.
A:  Impiety/atheism or corrupting the youth of Athens

Q:  What was the Lyceum?
A:  Aristotles School of Philosophy

Finish this quote:  From Donald Peattie's Joy of Walking:
"Time is not money; time is an opportunity to ____ before you ___."
A: Live & Die

Q:  What was the name of Boethius's most popular book?
A:  The Consolation of Philosophy

Q:  At what stage of life was Augustine when he converted to Christianity?
a)  Childhood
b)  Middle Age (correct answer)
c)  Near death
                         Answer : Forms

2. What kind of evil does the Free Will Defense fail to account for? (P 25)
                        Answer: Natural evil

3. What was Aristotle's word for happiness, success, or flourishing? (LH 11)
                        Answer: Eudaimonia

4. True/False Epicurus said it is reasonable to fear death. (LH 23, P 34)
                        Answer: False

5. The point of moderate skepticism is to get closer to what? (LH 20)
                       Answer: The truth

6. The late 20th century Harvard philosopher, Robert Nozick, came up with a virtual reality thought experiment he called the _________ Machine. (P 50)
                      Answer: Experience

7. The view that facts and values are distinct and separate is associated with _____'s Law and ________ Fallacy. (P 59)
                     Answer: Hume, Naturalistic

8. Who consoles Boethius in his prison cell but also reprimands him for having forgotten her? (LH 41)
                     Answer: Philosophy

9. In contrast to utilitarians like Bentham, says Anthony Kenny, Aquinas agreed with Aristotle that happiness is not a _______ but a way of life. (PB 31)
                     Answer: Activity

10. Name one of the qualities Cicero and Seneca thought a politician should have, that Machiavelli rejected. (PB 46)
                       Answer: clementia/mercy, liberalitas/generosity, fides/good faith
==
14/1
Here's 10 FQ's on behalf of Group 1:

1. Describe the premise of Hobbes' "social contract."
From Leviathan, man lived in the state of nature with no laws, social contract creates protection by government and people surrender some of their rights to a higher authority.

2. What is vivisection?
Dissection of an animal that is still alive.

3. What was the name of the king that sent Boethius to jail and eventually death?
King Theodoric the Great

4. What was the term that Aristotle used to describe flourishing in life?
Eudaimonia

5. What was the name of the US. fighter pilot who used Epictetus' teachings to help survive torture?
James B. Stockdale

6. Define "universalizablity."
The idea that a moral judgement must be equally applicable in every possible situation. 

7. What was the main teaching/ideal of skepticism?
Question everything, never commit fully to anything.

8. How old was Hobbes when he died, and why is it noteworthy?
91 years old; it was almost 3 times greater than the life expectancy at the time

9. Machiavelli said that it is better to be ____  than to be ____.
Feared; loved

10. What does Machiavelli say that a prince must do/exhibit to be "effective"?
Exhibit "virtu", or manliness, and prove your strength and power rather than your compassion.
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1 comment:

  1. Sorry for commenting here, I think we had no author last class, here are my questions
    FQ
    What did Descarted write? Answer : 'Meditations' and 'Discourse of methods'
    DQ: Do you believe in the Demon theory, or that you are a Jar in a Lab?
    Related link: http://www.ted.com/conversations/23374/the_brain_in_a_jar_theory_is_n.html

    ReplyDelete