Up@dawn 2.0

Saturday, February 25, 2017

Game of Thrones and Philosophy- Logic Cuts Deeper than Swords 

Olivia, Tristan, Clifton 










Quiz  Questions 
1. What do we consider when we think about whether or not a person is good or bad?

2. What does Tyrion's act of leading a small group of men against a much larger group say about him?

3. What can play a substantial role in molding our moral characters?

4. What do we think we should praise or blame people for?

5. What is circumstantial luck?

6. According to Immanuel Kant, how should moral praise and blame be determined?

7. What's the problem with moral luck? 


Discussion Questions
1. Do you believe that circumstance can play a role in shaping morals?

2. Do you think people should be praised or blamed for things they have no control over?

3. Have you ever been blamed or praised for something that was out of your control?

4. Have you ever found out about a moral or characteristic you had when a situation presented itself for that moral/characteristic to be used?

5. How important are morals to you? 

Friday, February 24, 2017

Vonnegut, Alice, Thrones, Zeppelin, Singer, Inception














Quizzes Feb 28, Mar 2

Feb 28-DR 13

1. In the Hellenistic period Western philosophy came to be seen as what? What did the Hellenistic philosophies all praise, and what did they all see as the key to wisdom?

2. Of what later philosophy was Epicureanism the main ancestor?

3. What central problem of philosophy was Epicurus apparently the first to state?

4. From what did the Stoics take their name?

5. What was the one thing the Stoics thought the Epicureans were right about?

6. How does Gottlieb say the Stoics were inconsistent?

DQ

  • What do you think of when you hear the word "therapy"? Do you think philosophers can be good therapists?
  •  Do you think "the greatest happiness of the greatest number" is an appropriate goal in life? Can it be effectively pursued by those who shun "any direct involvement in public life"?
  • If the motion of atoms explains everything, can we be free?
  • Is it true that your private thoughts can never be enslaved?
  • Do you agree with the Stoic critique of Plato's Forms? (321)
  • How do you distinguish things that are and are not subject to your control?
Mar 2, LH 3, DR 13 (p.336-357)

1. What was the main teaching of skepticism? ("Scepticism" in Br. spelling)

2. How did Pyrrho say you could become free from all worry? Does Warburton think this would work for most of us?

3. How does modern skepticism differ from its ancient predecessor?

4. Why does Gottlieb think Pyrrho must not have been as radically skeptical as legend has it?

5. What did David Hume say about too much skepticism?

6. What did "throwing in the sponge" mean, in Sextus Emiricus's story?

DQ

  • Is it possible to go through life questioning and doubting everything, committing always to nothing, and holding no firm opinions? Is it desirable or useful to try doing so?
  • Whose view on the reliability of the senses do you find more persuasive, Pyrrho's or Epicurus's (see DR 309-10)
  • In what ways are you skeptical? In what ways are you not?
  • Comment: "Even determinists and fatalists look both ways before crossing the street."
  • What do you think of "the Empiricist approach to medicine"? (350) Does anyone still practice it?




It’s certainly a long way from “Grand Theft Auto.”

Henry David Thoreau’s classic “Walden” is the inspiration for what Smithsonian Magazine is calling the world’s most improbable video game: “Walden, a Game.”

Instead of offering the thrills of stealing, violence and copious cussing, the new video game, based on Thoreau’s 19th-century retreat in Massachusetts, will urge players to collect arrowheads, cast their fishing pole into a soothing pond, buy penny candies and perhaps even jot notes in a journal — all while listening to the author’s meditations on nature... (continues)

Thursday, February 23, 2017

Philosophy Student Quizzes Study Guide

Kianna Cooper
Alexus Uqdah
Philosophy Student Quizzes
February 14
1. What is altruism contrasted with? How does effective altruism relate to self-sacrifice?
-Egoism
2. What have Psychologists noticed in studying giving behavior?
-Some people give large amounts to one or two charities and some people give little amounts to a lot of charities.
3. In what class did Singer have the idea of donating a kidney?
-Ethics
4. When did altruistic kidney donation become legal in the United Kingdom?
-2006
5. What is the main concern for effective altruists? What do they do in their lives to live up to the true definition of effective altruism? What motivates effective altruists? (75-76)
-Worrying about the welfare of other to make life meaningful. They limit spending, choose different career paths, and donate empathy.
6. What are the four distinct components of empathy, as founded by the Interpersonal Reactivity Inventory? (70)
-Empathetic concerns, personal distress, perspective taking, and fantasy
7. What moral judgements do effective altruists share with utilitarians?(78)
-

February 16

1. Walking is a sport.         A) True       B) False
2. Walking brings suspensive freedom      A) True      B) False
3. Whatever Liberates you from time and space DOES NOT alienate you from speed.   A) True      B) False  
4. By walking, you escape from the idea of identity      A) True       B) False
5. Walking manages to free us from our illusions about the essential.     A) True      B) False
6. The Walking body has no history      A) True     B) False

February 21
1.) What book has the greatest impact on American political Philosophy?
-John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government (1690)
2.) What do many rappers see Hip Hop as?
-An oppositional culture
3.) What is one of the basic reasons for joining the state?
-Physical Protection or economic security
4.) What will the government have to do to be viewed as legitimate?
-They will have to place equal importance on citizens lives as members of the state.
5.) Chuck D and other fans viewed Hip Hop/ Rap music as?
-Black CNN
6.) Where did the roots of Hip Hop music come from?
-Black Poets, Watts Prophets, and Gil Scott
February 23
Section I:
1.) What is a pleasure?
-To Burn
2.) What does Montag think that Clarisse smells on him initially?
-Carasine
3.) What does Clarisse's uncle tell her to say when anyone asks for your age?
-Your 17 and your crazy
4.) What is the question that Clarisse asks Montag before she goes back into her walk?
-Are you happy?
Section II:
1.) What does book burning signify?
-Censorship
2.) Why do the firemen burn books?
-For the good of the people
3.) If Beatty has this vast knowledge about books, why does he work to burn them?
-He believes people are doing better by focusing on their own lives
4.) Why does Beatty believe that books divide people?
-They give everyone their own opinions and opinions clash.
5.) Are there forms of censorship occurring today like in Farenheit 451?
-Yes
Section III:
1.)What is the inherent meaning of "Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?" ("Who watches the Watchmen?")?
-
2.) What is the definition of a distopia?

-

Philosophy Mid-Term Study Guide

Kianna Cooper
Alexus Uqdah
Philosophy Midterm Study Guide

January 19

1. What approach to the story of philosophy does Anthony Gottlieb say he aims to take in The Dream of Reason?
-As a journalist relying only on primary sources, questioning everything that had become conventional wisdom, and above all, trying to explain it as clearly as he could.

2. When was western science created?
-
3. How did William James define philosophy?
-He defined it as peculiarly stubborn efforts to think clearly.

4. What's distinctive about philosophical thinking?
-It is unwilling to accept conventional answers.

5. What is the sequel to The Dream of Reason?
-The Dream of Enlightenment

January 24

1. What were Aristotle's followers called?
-Peripatetic

2. Who said his mind only worked with his legs?
-Jean-Jacques Rousseau

3. Whose mentor called walking "gymnastics for the mind"?
-Henry David Thoreau

4. Who had a "Sand-walk"?
-Charles Darwin

5. How much does the average American walk?
-350 yards a day

6. Name a city with a "Philosophers' Walk".
-Toronto

January 26

1. Who labelled the early 6th & 5th century philosophers "PreSocratics," and what did they invent?
-Historians

2. Aristotle said the Milesians were the first what?
-The first physici

3. Why does Gottlieb say Thales was not simply silly to suggest that H2O is the origin and essence of everything? OR, What must we do in order to refute him?
-He said he is not silly because he drew the connection between water and life. And, we have to reason with him in order to refute him.

4. What essential facet of scientific thinking did Anaximander's work exemplify?
- It exemplified that science says there is more to the world than meets the eye.

5. What famous poetic image do we associate with Pythagoras?
-Music of the Spheres’

6. What was a good Pythagorean supposed to study?
-Numbers, geometry, astronomy, and music

7. What did Bertrand Russell, echoing Pythagoras and Plato, consider the mind's "highest good"?
-The greatness of the universe, which philosophy contemplates, the mind is also rendered great, and becomes capable of the union with the universe which constitutes its highest good.

8. How does Gottlieb think Aristotle was unfair to the Pythagoreans in his interpretation of their claim that numbers are the principles of all things?
-He was being too literal minded.
January 31

1. How does Gottlieb think Heraclitus would reply to Aristotle's complaint about his ambiguous syntax?
-He might have responded by saying it was the world itself that was ambiguous.

2. Why did Heraclitus compare us all to beasts, drunkards, sleepers, and children? What did he say we fail to grasp?
-Because men are deceived in the recognition of what is obvious; men fail to grasp the true logos.

3. What did fire symbolize, for Heraclitus?
-It symbolizes perpetual change and relation to the universe.

4. Who were Parmenides' famous teacher and student?
-Famous Teacher: Xenophanes
-Famous Student: Zeno

5. What was Parmenides' surprising claim (aside from the idea that everything is eternal)?
-That we cannot speak of change.

6. How did Parmenides say language and thought connect to the world?
-It is in direct contact with each other; the mind must somehow literally touch the world almost.

7. What was Zeno trying to discredit, with his famous paradoxes of motion?
-He was trying to discredit common sense views by demonstrating that they led to unacceptable consequences.

8. What did Aristotle say Zeno invented, and how did his aim differ from Socrates'?
-He said he was the inventor of dialectic, but Zeno only did so to defend his mentor. This is different from Socrates, who had constructive intentions.

9. How does Gottlieb solve the Achilles paradox?
- He says Achilles doesn’t have to cross those distances one at a time. Just like eating an egg, you don’t eat every little, fractional piece at a time. Instead, you simply just eat the egg. Basically, he’s saying he can cover more than one infinity/fraction at a time.

February 2

1. What was Empedocles' legendary "Faustian end"?
-Knowledge he had acquired made him God-like and enable him to perform magic. He is said to have jumped into the flames of Ethel and disappeared.

2. What did Empedocles identify as the universal elements whose interplay accounts for all phenomena including sexual attraction?  And, which of "our" elements does Gottlieb compare them to?
-Gravity and electromagnetism, and he compares them to the forces of love.

3. What fundamental principles of modern biology did Empedocles anticipate?
-Ideas about substances and forces

4. What was Empedocles' favorite scientific interest?
-Natural selection

5. What did Anaxagoras bring to Athens, and what was his nickname?
-Brought Ionian naturalism westward to Athens

6. Of what charge was Anaxagoras accused, like Socrates thirty years later?
- Offering scientific explanation for religion

7. How was Anaxagoras less extreme than Parmenides, with respect to reason and perception?
-For Anaxagous, judging by reason in not a matter of ignoring the evidence completely, but of trying to make better sense of it.

8. Was Anaxagoras a mind-matter dualist?
-No

February 7

1. How was Democritus remembered after his death, and why?
-As a laughing philosopher because he scoffed the folly of mankind.

2. Why did early Christians oppose atomism?
-It tried to explain everything in terms of mechanics
-It held no life after death

3. Name two other early atomists.
-Epicurus
-Lucretius

4. What idea did Democritus take over from Leucippus?
-That numerable tiny atoms career around in empty space until they collide and adhere to one another creating objects in the world; living and inanimate.

5. When did ancient atomism become a mature scientific view?
-When chemist and physicists developed sophisticated ways to measure material phenomena

6. What ability was most valued in Periclean Athens?
-The ability to speak and debate persuasively before the political assembly or the juries

7. For whom was the term sophistes, Sophists, reserved in the time of Protagoras, Gorgias, Hippias, et al, and what subjects did they teach?
-It was reserved for people who taught for money. They taught rhetoric, political skills, and how to excel in legal and moral discourse.

8. What were Plato's & Aristotle's stated objections to the Sophists?
-They said that sophists’ art was the semblance of wisdom without the reality.
-The sophist is one who makes money from an apparent, but unreal wisdom.
-They were unprincipled and worthless men.

9. What playwright satirized Socrates and the Sophists indiscriminately?
-Aristophanes

10. Which Sophist embraced subjectivity and said "Man is the measure of all things"?
-Protagoras

February 9

1. What was Socrates' "faith"?
-Devotion to argumentative reason

2. How does Gottlieb account for Socrates' appeal to the "high society" of Athens, given his humble background and poverty?
-Through his remarkable power of conversation

3. What did Alcibiades see in Socrates?
-He seen his inner beauty

4. with what request did Socrates typically commence a philosophical conversation? What was his method called?
-He started by requesting an enlightening definition of whatever was being discussed and that method was called ‘Dialectic’

5. Why were the defenders of Athenian democracy uneasy about Socrates?
-Because they didn’t have a strong democracy since they had been overthrown by the Thirty Tyrants.
-Socrates the legitimacy of the democratic state by making his own Gods.
-

6. In what way did the Oracle mean that Socrates was wise? Did Socrates accept the Oracle's authority at face value?
-He was wise in the way that he alone is aware to how little he knows and isn’t afraid to admit what he doesn’t know. And n, he didn’t accept the Oracle’s authority at face value, he continued to search for the answers himself.


7. What was Socrates' basic motive for philosophizing?
-That is seemed to him the right thing to do.

8. Why did Socrates say it's unwise to fear death?
-Because man doesn’t know what comes after death and by fearing it we are assuming what comes after death is bad. We can’t fear what we don’t know.

9. In what different ways were Socrates and Plato "unworldly"?
- Socrates was unworldly because he kept a sharper focus on the duties and blessings of the world. Plato was unworldly because he thought philosophy was this ladder to this elevated world of the forms.

10. What form of life did Socrates say is not worth living? OR, Do the "authentically Socratic" dialogues usually settle on a final conclusion?
- An unexamined life

February 14

LH
1. What kind of conversation did Socrates consider a success?
-A conversation that ended in everyone realizing how little they knew

2. What was wisdom, for Socrates?
-It was understanding the true nature of our existence, including the limits of what we could know.

3. With what Platonic theory does the parable of the cave connect?
-The perfect circle platonic theory

DR
4. In Plato's Symposium, what does Socrates say Diotima taught him about love?
-everything he knows about love

5. What nagged Plato about the academic way of life?
-He was nagged by a doubt about the academic way of life: “ I fear to see myself at last altogether nothing but words, so to speak a man who will never willingly lay hand to any concrete task.”

6. What analogy does Socrates/Plato drawn between the parts of the city and the parts of the soul?
- They draw an analogy saying that a just city should mimic the imperative, spirited, and rational parts of the soul.

February 16

1. What did Aristotle mean by "one swallow doesn't make a summer"?
-The point he was making was that just as t takes more than the arrival of one swallow to prove that summer has come, and more than a single warm day, so a few moments of pleasure don’t add up to true happiness.

2. What does eudaimonia mean?
-Happiness, but is most often referred to as flourishing or success.

3. How can we increase our chance of eudaimonia?
-By developing the right kind of character.

4. Eudaimonia can only be achieved in relation to what?
-In relation to life in a society.

5. What is "truth by authority"?
-I t is believing something must be true because an important ‘authority’ figure has said it is.

6. How is authority hostile to the spirit of philosophy?
-Because philosophy challenges conventional thinking and you’re relying on someone else’s authority is conventional.

February 21

1. What did Aristotle set up in 335 BC?
-A research institute known as Lyceum. It was in Athens.

2. What was dearer to Aristotle than Plato?
-The Truth

3. What was the fundamental difference between Aristotle and Plato, and how was it reflected in his attitude towards the "cave"?
- Plato was more pessimistic and Aristotle was more optimistic in comparison. While Plato wanted to leave the dark cave of physical reality and find something better, Aristotle said that the cave wasn’t so bad once you turned on the lights.


4. What three things did Aristotle say are always involved in change?
- Something which changes, a state to which it changes, and a state from which it changes.

5. What was Aristotle's name for God, and what did he say He thinks about?
-Unmoved Mover, and he thinks about himself.

6. How does Aristotle's view of the fundamental type of existence contrast with Plato's theory of Forms?
-The fundamental type of existence for Aristotle is not to be found in Plato's self-subsisting world of eternal Ideas or Forms, it's just ordinary things - trees, rocks, plants, animals.

February 23

1. According to Epicurus, fear of death is based on what, and the best way to live is what?
-The Fear of death is based on bad logic and the best way to live is have a very simple lifestyle, be kind to those around you, and surround yourself with friends.

2. How is the modern meaning of "epicurean" different from Epicurus's?
-Epicureans prefer eating fine foods and indulging in luxury, and sensual pleasure. Whereas Epicurus prefer much simpler things.

3. What famous 20th century philosopher echoed Epicurus's attitude towards death?
-Ludwig Wittgenstein

4. What was the Stoics' basic idea, and what was their aim?
-We should only worry about things we can change and they aimed for a calm state of mind

5. Why did Cicero think we shouldn't worry about dying?
-He believed that the soul lived forever and so old people shouldn’t worry about dying

6. Why didn't Seneca consider life too short?

-Life is usually long enough to get enough done if we make the right choices.

Alix and Taylor Philosophy Quiz and Discussion Questions

Click on this link to read the passage for "Inception and Philosophy: Because It's Never Just A Dream." Click on the option to read online. The required reading is chapter 1, pages 17-30.

Inception and Philosophy Quiz

1. How many plot theories does the book mention the movie possibly having?
2. What does the text say that the definition of intentionalism is?
3. Does the author feel like the creator of an artwork should decide it's meaning?
4. How many issues does the author discuss towards the director deciding what the meaning of the movies is?
5. What does the text say that the definition of multiplism is?
6. What other films has Christopher Nolan directed?

Inception and Philosophy Discussion Questions

1. Do you think that the creator of an artwork decides what the definitive meaning of an artwork is?
2. Which theory about the movie do you agree with and why?

A Philosophy of Walking Chapters 4, 5, 6. Section 9

https://books.google.com/books?id=NchNBAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=a+philosophy+of+walking&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiHheyXvqXSAhWG5CYKHSlcCc4Q6AEIJTAA#v=onepage&q=a%20philosophy%20of%20walking&f=false
A Philosophy of Walking Chapters Chapters 4, 5, 6. Section 9.

Quiz questions:

1. What does Gros mean by outside being a transition?

2. How does the definition of outside change in long walks?

3. Where was Gros when he learned how to walk?

4. What lesson did Mateo teach Gros about walking?

5. What does Gros compare one of the secrets of walking to?

6. Why was Rimbaud arrested?

Discussion questions:

1. Do people still walk for leisure and to enjoy nature or is it more for exercise these days?

2. Would you consider yourself a good walker or a bad walker based on Gros's definitions?

3. Do you think that moving quickly through life shortens your day overall?

Section 8-A Man Without A Country reading and quiz questions










A Man Without A Country Quiz Questions

1. What two people did the author give as examples as being guessers?
2. What was likely to happen to the Russians who didn’t think much of the guesses of Ivan the          Terrible?
3. What has been at the core of leadership for so long?
4. What kind of people will not be welcomed in Washington D.C.?
5. How does the author say we now present ourselves to the rest of the world?
6. What did the New York Times guarantee was in Iraq before we attacked?
7. When and where was Ignaz Semmelweis born?
8. What thanks did Semmelweis get from leaders of his profession in Viennese society?
Discussion Questions for 2/23/17
Nathan Stickles (Section#9)

 - I am not afraid of death because I am a Child of God, and through my faith in Him I know beyond a shadow of a doubt that I will spend Eternity with him in Heaven. Because of this, I do my best to live my life to bring His name glory and honor because of what He has done for me through His son Jesus Christ. I know my soul lives on in a glorified body, but I will not spend any more time on the earth, so I live my life to make my little bit of existence better in the way that I treat the people around me.

 - Yes I live for pleasures in this life, but I do not find true pleasure in the way that the world finds pleasure. I find deep fulfillment in encouraging people, and teaching them things that I am passionate about. I enjoy sports and exercising my body to stay as fit as possible. but I can resinate with the though of true epicureanism in that I long to live a "simple" life, and not have desires for super expensive tastes in food and drink. I want to live healthy, and that can sometimes be expensive, but not in the super fancy way that was discussed in the chapter.

 - I have been to several funerals, but my experience has been that of learning more about the person at their funeral than I knew about them before. I have not lost someone close to me per say, but death is is a situation that is easier when the soul of the person belonged to Jesus before their passing.

 - Like I said earlier, I believe in a Heaven and Hell, and I believe that The Lord only knows the true hearts of man, and if your name is not written in the book of life you will not spend eternity in paradise with the Lord God Almighty. With that said, it is hard to lose someone you care about, but if that individual's heart had placed its trust in God the Father, then that individual is truly in a better place. With that thought, I live my life to show that I am strong in life, and confident in death. To be super real, my children will not have to mourn my passing because i have confidence in My Lord. and I will raise them knowing that the God that I serve is a Good God and wants good things for his children. they will know where I am, and Lord willing they will follow me.

 - I personally think that it was mostly a evasion of the reality that people secretly dreaded about what all humans know in their hearts to be true. I think that everyone is in some way aware of the fact that there is an afterlife, and for those who so to want to accept it form their idea that there couldn't be one. People want to believe that it does't really matter how we live our lives, and we can live them however we want to without the looming end of our lives that is closer every second we are alive.

 - the question is do you think the Stoics were right in saying you can always choose what kind of an attitude you will have in the mist of certain events, and I would say that the initial emotion that may or may not affect the way you respond to certain situation can be situational. the initial emotional response to a situation that an individual has has a lot to do with how that particular person was raised. If you were raised in a home that exhibited respect for elders and love dispute differences (for example), then when an individual is in a situation that does not exhibit those ideals, his/her first response may be that of anger, or disappointment. I think that the choice that the Stoics were talking about,  has to do with the emotion that is then expressed by that particular individual in response too that potentially shocking situation.


Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Section 8- Fahrenheit 451- A Glimpse at Book Burning and Other Horror




Hello, classmates and fellow heretics. My group chose to do our midterm report on Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451. We decided to choose this work because of all the recent political controversy that has ensued over reading books with the most recent being that our own president does not read books. With that being said, I would like to introduce my group’s central project theme: book burning.  

Image result for book burning photoIf one does not take away anything much from Bradbury’s 451, they will, at the very least, understand that this book is set in a dark, dystopian future in which firemen start fires to burn books instead of preventing fires to stop destruction. With this being said, it is only natural that we chose book burning as our central theme.  Furthermore, we chose to tie together this central theme with three characters taken from the book and how those characters relate to the main protagonist. Namely, we wanted to convey how these characters aided the protagonist, Guy Montag, in his personal growth as he comes to the realization of how he himself is and what his actions mean. By showing character growth, we, ourselves, can come to understand how burning books (or burning the past) may lead to our own destruction and added mistakes. 

To go along with the theme of three, our presentation is split into three sections: Clarisse McClellan ("Censorship"), Captain Beatty ("Book Burning"/"Change"), and Faber ("Enlightenment").  The questions for each section will be split up at the end.



Tuesday, February 21, 2017

The Philosophy of Walking. Chapters 1, 2, 4, 7, 9, 12, & 19.





















*Quiz Questions come from each chapter shown above*


Quiz Questions


  1. Walking is not a what?
  2. What kind of freedom happens by walking?
  3. Outside is a transition; what does it separate?
  4. What was Rousseau claimed to be? 
  5. What is the first energy you feel when walking? 
  6. Why is Outside no longer a transition? 

Discussion Questions

  1. Which philosophy of walking did you find most interesting?
  2. Do you think philosophies of walking can change/new over time?
  3. Do you agree, like many philosophers, that walking in solitude is the best form of walking?
  4. As mentioned in chapter one, Frederic Gros says that walking is not a sport. Do you agree in fact, that walking is not a sport? 

Darren Sirikoun
Section #10