Up@dawn 2.0

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Pt 2: Why is current music so unappealing to older generations? #6

     As you might have read in the first installment of this post, new and unconventional music has been continuously rejected by the norm for years. Is it the rebellion from such social norms that causes new genres to be rejected, or is it the fear that new music will bring forth a societal change? In many ways, it’s both. Music has always been a driving force in culture and is consumed by almost everyone in the world, so naturally different types of idealisms and cultures have their own types of music. To understand why society is so hostile to sonic change, we need to understand society’s nature as a whole. Societal norms are in essence, a comfort zone for large groups of people, so naturally there is a resistance to any form of change. The fear of the unknown has affected people since the beginning of time and the misunderstanding of the youth has been a constant theme since the birth of the domestic household. This is a partial explanation for the existence of generation gaps between the old and the youth.

     One of the biggest disagreements between these gaps is the music that each generation listens to. I hypothesize that this is because different types of music convey emotion in their own unique way, and different generations interpret their emotions differently due to the environment they were brought up in. Music also reflects a certain set of ideas and morals that may differ from generation to generation.The simple existence of the cell phone has changed us psychologically on a fundamental level. We now interpret information in short bursts due to social media and other pass times found on the internet, and our music reflects that. Music is more dynamic, complicated, and fast paced than it ever has been before; and that may be appealing to us, but for older generations who are more used to the limited technology of their time, it’s an earful.

     That’s another reason music is so much different now than it ever has been before: the advancements in technology have essentially enabled all art forms to have limitless possibilities. Before the 2000’s, music still had a limit to what could be created sonically. There used to be a restriction on how many tracks could be recorded and the different types of sounds that could be implemented, but those limits don’t exist anymore. Due to these advancements, music has changed dramatically since the beginning of the 21st century. It’s an artist’s dream; no limits, an infinite platform to release their music onto, and a generation that is always craving something new. Before artists wanted to push people out of their comfort zones, but now many artists have trouble even keeping up. I think that’s why music and art in general are going to change drastically within the next 10 or 15 years. Artists are going to need to take a new approach to addressing their audience if they are going to continue to redraft society.

Monday, December 11, 2017

Why Rick isn't a Nihilist - Final Report 2nd Installment (#6)

previous installment

Of course, Rick and Morty's emphasis on nihilism is exactly what the show wants people to think it's about - at least for the passers by that don't watch the show in depth. Anyone who's delved into it further will easily be able to pick out the brief snippets where it becomes clear the show is really in opposition to the purely nihilistic view of the world.

Much of this evidence comes from the episode Auto Erotic Assimilation, where we're introduced to Unity, a hive mind (one being controlling many bodies) who was apparently a former lover of Rick's. After reuniting in a space shipwreck, Rick learns that since he last saw her, she'd assimilated an entire planet's population and was on track to reach a new tier in the Kardashev scale. They quickly fall back into their usual pattern of drugs, alcohol, and partying, but it quickly gets out of hand as Unity becomes self-destructive like Rick.

At one point in this destruction, Rick tells Unity that her plans are too serious, and that she needs to just relax every now and then. Unity eagerly claims she knows how to let go, then proceeds to obliterate an entire town just for the spectacle. Rick is disturbed by this, even after being told the city was evacuated, and worries - albeit briefly - about his grandchildren.

In the end, Unity leaves Rick once more, explaining that she ironically loses her individuality when they're together, and that it's not healthy for either of them. Rick plums back home and attempts to kill himself in his garage.

It's in these examples of Rick legitimately caring about things that we see him diverge from the pure nihilistic view, wherein nothing really matters and he only looks after himself. It could be argued that the show is in fact satire of nihilism and absurdism, and trying to point out their own absurdities (e.g. it's silly to think nothing matters, when this is contrary to human nature). In this case, it might be pushing for existentialism, in which the most important thing is how we choose to live our lives as individuals, and how we deal with our actions under free will.

However, utilitarianism or pragmatism is in many ways a better fit for this show, as they pertain to choosing the actions with the most utility (or value) (usually to society, but in this case just to Rick). After all, on many occasions Rick has been shown to go to ridiculous levels simply because holding back would be less efficient. For instance, at one point Rick orders his car to "keep Summer safe" while he's gone. The car proceeds to kill anyone who approaches it, and Summer continually has to give it further, more specific instructions not to kill, injure, or mentally scar anyone.

However, due to pragmatism and utilitarianism technically pertaining to something's use to society as a whole, I find it a bit of a stretch to fit it to Rick's personality. Overall, I think the show is either a parody of absurdism/nihilism or a blend of those with existentialism/humanism, bringing questions of free will and the value of others into a field where those things are typically disregarded as being as pointless as the universe itself.

Other Reports:
My Philosophy and Music
Defining Courage


"Still wanna be part of that world?"

(-Yes, but what's on the other channels?)

If I have your attention: remember to include "fun" elements in your 2d installment, as well as links to at least two classmates' posts you've commented on (if you've not already done that) AND a link to your 1st installment.

By links I don't just mean addresses. Actually highlight the text you're linking to. For example, instead of directing the reader to "The Little Mermaid" this way - http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0097757/ - just do it like this.

And actually embed the videos you want to include, don't just paste a YouTube address. It only takes about 3 clicks.

"Our Sexual Desires Leading to Interpreting our Behaviors"

Posted for Kierah Pruitt
Sexual desires or sexual needs come in various shapes, forms, as well as ideas. Humanistic, we as a broad society, have been taught or rather disciplined on that of our interpersonal sexual behaviors and preferences. Overtime, the wants and needs of our fanatic desires have evolved tremendously in such a short periodical time. In reality, majority of people believe that there are rights and wrongs when involving or pertaining to ones’ sexual orientation. In relation, this usually is the conflict of resolution to that of many religions. Can sexual desire be the key to interpreting relationships? Yes…and no. Realistically speaking, there is no wrong nor morally right answer. This initially means, there is no standing reasoning as to whether either or is less deficit than the other.     
Commonly, we know that our ‘’sexuality’ is a general term used for that of ‘’what is your sexual interest?’’ Some may stutter upon configuration, to include. Our sexual interest identifies one’s personality to some powerful extent. Furthermore, our personal interest shares relations to that of exotic feelings; experiences everyone’s sexual behavior and actions are experienced fairly differently. Including; our fantasies, attitudes, beliefs, roles, values etc.…all sum up our result or own personal identified self-human behavior. However, interpreting human behavior in simplicity means to explain the meaning or cause of certain human behavioral controls. Although, our distinctive arousal desires can be one of the pieces to the puzzle; when trying to make known as to what is the key to understanding our human behavior…it is still not the whole. Generally speaking, there are millions of other keys and causes to reveal in order for the understanding of our humanly behavior to become clearer. Even after, still wouldn’t be completely right. Before, understanding how our interpersonal sensual morals can affect our behavior, we must first self-evaluate and gain knowledge of what human behavior really is. Humanistic, ethics refer to the physical, mental, and emotional behaviors that we as humans typically choose to engage in.   
Behavioral is the final, or so to speak, full report of how an individual chooses to carry themselves throughout their everyday life. Philosophy of sexuality is not one that is easily defined nor ‘’figured out’’. Being that, there are so many different beliefs, roles, wants, needs and other cultures. The answer to deciding whether or not is our sexual desires the key to interpreting our human behavior becomes much more rather more of a personal response.   
In further addition, some may agree and some may definitely disagree amongst the factual idea. Personally, I neither agree nor disagree because of the wide range of diversity our world continues to consists of today.  People seem to forget that each and every individual are combined or made up of their own unique character. Furthermore, with that assumption being said, our sexual desires are all going to vary on many different accounts. In addition, as time has evolved and is still moving forward, we have to realize that there is no definite way on answering this philosophical question in particular. The answer would still be an answer, but neither answer would be the true answer. Even though, the true answer lies between that of the beholder, neither one is greater than the other.                
When interpreting our human behavior in this such manner, we must first gain the understanding of who we are as individuals and not as a whole. How does our sexual desires result into different behaviors? Generally projecting, some may have positive values and others may not depending upon that of the sexual behavior that person chooses to partake in.  For example, when situations such as; rape, pedophilia, molestation, sexual harassment, come into place. Then, that individual’s sexual fantasies has escalated into a negative human behavioral trait. Additionally, there are some that are very conservative and others not as religiously constructed. Everyone’s sexual desire can determine the individual they are as a person, but would not underline the true definition of everyone else’s behavior.                                                                              


Sunday, December 10, 2017

My Philosophy and Music, Part two #10 Austyn Oglesby

The ancient instrument of self-contemplation, The Qin
I had the pleasure of hearing this performed early in the semester by the Center for
Chinese music and Culture, here at MTSU

Music is often seen as a from of Artistic expression. In my eyes, music is a form of creative expression, and I use the word creative to throw of some of the subjective-ness of the word Artistic. Much like Art, Music can be judged liberally in terms of what is "Good" and what is "Bad" music.

The very "Subjective-ness," for lack of a better word that I could google, I like to use as an answer for many questions regarding music. If you take a small child who has only just began to play piano, and if you take a master virtuoso with over decades of experience what would happen? On one hand most would be impressed by the virtuoso, but what about the child who begged to his parents for months to play on the piano? In my eyes, passion is what separates music from mindless sound, and I would clap for both performers most likely.  As a musician I applaud performances only under two conditions, If it was good or if it inspired me.

To answer my concluding question in my previous post, "Why do we feel an emotional response at all when we hear music?" I could say that it is simply subjective, that while you may listen to a melody and feel sad it is simply your opinion. Most musicians would accept this as answer to any question, "I did not like this performance because it was not pleasing to my tastes." And the conversation has thus been concluded, and if this answer was given by someone of prestige then sometimes that is the end of the conversation of the community itself.

The answer that I would give from that question, is one that would change constantly.  My first response to that question was "Who cares, music is boring." My second answer would come much later, and it would come with several years of experience as someone who enjoys playing a musical instrument. The only way I can answer that question is if I sit down and play an enjoyable tune or melody.
Mayones' Guitars are made with the finest craftsmanship,
My dream guitar would be something made by them
We feel a response to music possibly because it is something we cannot feel. Even if you put your hands on your ears at a concert, you can still hear the noise and feel the vibrations. The line between music and sound is only defined by connotation. Music is sound, but music is created so it is different from sound. Music is something we feel more than simple sound. The first thirty seconds of your favorite song is quite different from a babbling brook, or the noises of birds with the exception that if that is your favorite song then it wouldn't be different.
Even in this room,  Orfield Laboratories, Minnesota, where sound 
is measured at -0.9 decibels (Negative sound is an interesting thought) 
You can hear your own blood flowing through your veins

When I play music, I think of music in different terms. I think of music as colors: The sound of a trumpet is Bright and it sits at red or orange, but the sound of a tuba would sit at blue or green (This is similar to a frequency chart where a trumpet would have higher frequencies with small sound waves, but a tuba would be the opposite). Some composers will write passages where the music will sound sad, but to the composer the intent of that same passage is one of power and dissonance.

Playing Piano on the drums for example, it would take a musician to think of that idea. In that way I am kind of biased, to me it goes full circle because I would call this "Subjective." I would say that music isn't something feel, but experience. Yet because we experience, we apply our human perception on top of that experience in order to define the event.  Our reaction to Music could also be contributed to how our brains function with regards to endorphins and the like. I like to pick the more observable answer, I can sit in a Forrest and hear the "Sounds" of nature, but I can't listen to that video posted above and say "I am hearing the drums right now" unless I watch the video because I do not know that the sound being produced is not originating from a piano (technically I suppose I am not hearing the drums but I will leave that as an assumption).

Then again so is pretty much anything. I bet if Achilles was confined to a wheel chair he would have favored the idea that motion is impossible with regards to Zeno and Parmenides. I now wonder what Zeno would have said with regards to sound waves and vibration. 

By my own logic I would have to assume that an earthquake is music, I suppose. An Earthquake is vibration, vibration is sound, I can hear the earth crack if crevice were to open up from the vibration, and I would most certainly experience an earthquake if it were to happen. It seems I too have gone full circle. 

My favorite Album by Chon: "Grow"
Perfect Pillow is a weird song. 

Link to my first Post:


Saturday, December 9, 2017

Conscious Rap (Installment 2) #6

First Installment.
comment one
comment two

The last artist I will call attention to is Ben Haggerty, A.K.A. Macklemore. Macklemore has touched on a multitude of topics including white privilege, same-sex marriage, drug epidemics, and politics. In his song “White Privilege”, he addresses his concerns that white privilege has made its way into hip-hop. He says, “‘Cause when I go to shows the majority have white skin // and white rappers’ albums really get the most spins” and “Claimed a culture that wasn’t mine // the way of the American” as he questions whether or not white privilege is a contributor to his success. The song is his way of contemplating whether he is part of the problem. Contrastly, his song “Same Love” is his way of fighting on the pro side of the gay rights movement. He strikes down those who use religion as a justification for homophobia with the lines “The right-wing conservatives think it's a decision // And you can be cured with some treatment and religion // Man-made, rewiring of a pre-disposition” and “Our culture founded from oppression // Yet we don't have acceptance for 'em”. He goes on to advocate for gay rights when he says “It's the same hate that's caused wars from religion // Gender to skin color, the complexion of your pigment // The same fight that led people to walk-outs and sit-ins
It's human rights for everybody, there is no difference”. This song contributed to Macklemore’s grammy wins in 2014. Another conscious way Macklemore has used his platform is for drug awareness. He took a stance against pharmaceutical companies because of prescription pill addictions in his song “Drug Dealer”. He compares Pharma to drug dealers in his chorus: “ My drug dealer was a doctor, doctor // Had the plug from Big Pharma, Pharma // I think he trying to kill me, kill me // He tried to kill me for a dollar, dollar”. He brings up how harmful addiction is with “No options, exhausted // This is not what I started // Walkin' carcass, I lost everything I wanted // My blinds drawn, too gone to leave this apartment”. Most hip-hop lyrics are pro-drug and glorify the experience, but Macklemore used his song to spread awareness of the real problems they caused.

Here is Macklemore performing "Same Love" while 33 couples get married on live television:

At face-value the hip-hop industry seems crass and at times too much, but conscious rap is the complete opposite. These rappers have advocated for the better of people, and used their genre to call out problems in our society.

Friday, December 8, 2017

The Galaxy Song

I'm inspired by Isha's & Austyn's reports to share this-

My Philosophy and Music, Part one #10 Austyn Oglesby

The image pictured is an ENGL - E670
 Guitar Amplifier one of my dream amps. 

Music has been apart of philosophy long before our current age. What I've always found fascinating about music is how many different ways it can be interpreted, defined, and observed. As I've learned in my introductory music course, in ancient china there was an instrument known as the Qin (Pronounced Chin, and also know as the Guqin) and it is a stringed instrument one plays sitting down. The Qin is a very quiet instrument, one that was not played for performance, but for one purpose: Self Contemplation.  To sit down and play the Qin was considered a solemn art, and also one that most of the nobility practiced. 

I use the example of the Qin to highlight one point, Music isn't something that has one definition at any given time. Music isn't something that exists as one definitive substances, but it does exist as something that is apart of numerous substances. That isn't t say that Music isn't definable at all, and at the end of the day Music is simply just "Sound."  You can quantify music and you can also describe Music in qualitative means, so by its very essence Music is very hard to be simply defined. Denotations and connotations aside, Music is something is Quantitative, so in theory we could actually run out of music. 

Here is where some of the "Math" for music can be seen, and why we might actually one day run out of music altogether. 

Not to say that Music will just up an vanish or become scarce like a resource, but eventually any and all Melodic, Harmonic, and Rhythmic content will be written and performed. So eventually, there will not be any music that we can call "Unique" in that there will simply be no permutation of music left for us to observe. Every note, chord, and rhythm will be played and played in such a matter that one day, and that day is beyond probably even humanity's span as a species, there will be nothing left to compose. Well doesn't that sound saddening, to think that nary a tune will be produced and that the inevitable is impending Silence. Of course, to this I offer the composition written by John Cage titled "4:33" or Four Minutes and Thirty- Three seconds; I won't spoil the piece for you (And I suggest you go give it a listen in your spare time after reading this) - but the piece is very quiet. 

If I had to define myself in theological terms, I would call place myself somewhere between a Deist or an Atheist. I do not believe in any "God" and I do not worship anything, but I believe that there is something that is simply beyond our intrinsically human observation. Simply put, there are phenomena that occur that we simply do not have and understanding for, and that we have never been able to solve. Why we live, What is our purpose, What happens after we die? One may also observe certain consistencies between nature and mathematics, The Golden ratio, The hypotenuse, Avogadro's constant. Even to some extent, this can be seen in musical terms.

Music is something outside of our world, akin to a mathematical plan of existence, but unlike math music can be seen as solely finite. Music exists as the symbols we may view on paper or in the form of the sounds that penetrate the silence of life. On paper, Music is represented in a world of perfect pitch and sound. Of course semantics matter in this instance, Is music defined as purely sound made up of waves and frequencies? Or is music defined as something else in other terms such as being made up of Melodic, Harmonic, and Rhythmic content along will sounds and effects that are simply "Pleasing" to the ear?

Animals as Leaders, One of the most innovative
group of Musicians around. "On Impulse" is one of
my favorite songs off of this album. 
However you want to look at it, Music is a lot like Philosophy. Many different people compose, play, and listen to music but nobody can put an end-all-be-all definition behind the pesky art of sounds that make make our ears happy. That's my definition behind music anyways, my one for philosophy is ideas that make our heads ache until we come up with more ideas to make our heads feel better. 

Maybe one day someone will figure it all out and we can all go home and spend our spare time on something less purposeful and contemplative, like Music. I wouldn't want the search for knowledge to ever be over, but on one hand being able to practice sick guitar riffs....

    Music for me is an experience, and it is one that I find most enjoyable. I find purpose in creation and in the creation of music I find no other purpose. Whether Music is an art or not is left to be determined. Chords, scales, and notes can be defined with quantifiable definitions their effects cannot. What makes a piece of music foreboding, or solemn, or happy? Why do we feel an emotional response at all when we listen to music?

Part Two.


Final report installment 2 Isha Mudgal #10

Futurama and the philosophy of evolution and God
Based on S6E9: A clockwork origin
The last installment ended with Dr Farnsworth being accused of believing in creaturism because he stated that he was proud of how much the nanobots have evolved since he ‘dumped’ them in a pond a few days back. The robots, who believe unquestioningly in robot evolution, are angered by Farnsworth, and a Robo-Farnsworth states that their Earth took eons, not days, to be created. The Professor explains that relative to them, it was eons, but in reality, only a few days had passed. Just as Dr. Widnar resolves to leave her planet similar to what the Professor said, the angry robots then arrest Farnsworth and put him on trial for "crimes against science". Bender represents him in court and in his arguments, states that the Professor is not arguing against evolution, but only claims a small role in beginning it by providing the materials necessary (the nanobots). The jurors leave to deliberate overnight.
The crew wakes up to find that the robots have now evolved into a state of transcendent higher consciousness. They are no longer concerned with the Professor any more, finding corporeal beings altogether irrelevant. The crew then takes their makeshift spaceship home. There, the Professor explains his findings to Dr. Banjo.
The Professor and Dr. Banjo reconcile their differences, acknowledging that both theories have some plausibility and even some correlation. Dr. Banjo argues that what the Professor witnessed was evolution, but evolution set in motion by an intelligent creator. The Professor agrees that it is possible, however unlikely that Earth evolution was set in motion the same way.
We spend so much time trying to argue with each other over the plausibility of evolution or the existence of God when we should be considering all possibilities. We haven’t been able to prove the existence of God, but we also haven’t been able to deny it. We have been able to prove evolution, but we haven’t been able to prove how everything before that came to be (the big bang is still a theory and has yet to be proved). Philosophy teaches us the same lesson and history is a proof of it. The search for truth and facts requires an open mind and the willingness to consider an idea that is unfamiliar and unsure. There were times when people believed everything revolved around the earth and anything else was considered outrageous because there was no way of finding out the truth. Maybe we are at that time of ‘history’ where we are just blind to something because we have no means of proving or disproving them. Maybe someday, years and years from now, the existence of god or creation of the universe will be a common knowledge, like to us is the fact that the earth revolves around the sun.

Some interesting facts and links
·       The title are references to the books A Clockwork Orange (by Anthony Burgess) and On the Origin of Species (by the one and only, Charles Darwin)
·       Read the original text of ‘On Origin of Species’ here- http://darwin-online.org.uk/converted/pdf/1861_OriginNY_F382.pdf
·       A short and informative video about the first humans and evolution- Where and when did humans evolve?

·       “We are the way the universe is experiencing itself”; The big bang
-Read the first installment of my post here

-Posts i commented on
1. why rick isnt nihilist
2. The process of being a professional dancer

-Isha Mudgal #10

"The process of becoming a professional dancer"

Posted for Sierra Smith

Dance in this day in age has so many conceptions. You could be a dancer for a
professional ballet company, back up in a music video or concert, entertainment in amusement
parks and many other things. Dance is being used more and more in social media without a huge
uproar. It’s becoming more and more popular helping people live there dreams of becoming a
professional dancer. (There used to be a time in the dance world where it was hard to earn a
living being a professional dancer.) With all the many jobs in the dance world, how do you
properly train to become one? Are there steps to take to get there? I guess the general question
would be what would someone have to do in order to become a professional dancer? If you were
wondering yourself, I’ll give you an idea.

When someone, or the child’s parents, decides they want to be a dancer, they usually start
at a very young age. Most dancers start taking dance classes at the age of three. Dancers would
go to a building that is referred to as the “dance studio” to take these classes. They may take up
to three classes a week varying in different genres. The dancers might go to class in the middle
of the day as a form of daycare or after daycare as an extra curricular activity. While the dancers
may take up to three classes a week the classes consist of basic steps such as hopping or
skipping, to introduce the child to movement in general. Along the hoping they will introduce
basic fundamental dance steps such as a plié’ or tendu’. The dancers end goal is to master the
skill that has been given to apply that to the next skill learned.

As the dancer grows in skill and age they will be introduced to harder skills to execute
and master. These skills are what is seen on TV today. In one the most popular dance show, “So
You Think You Can Dance,” many dancers do amazing things with their bodies. Some things
that are even seen as gravity defying. For example, when a dancer does a jump and or leap using the power from the skills they learned in their class room training they can look like they are
flying through the air. Dancers can also hold positions that would be uncomfortable and or
impossible for someone who doesn’t have the proper opinion. In my opinion, you have to be a
very determined and have a sense of self discipline to be a dancer. Dancers have to do a lot and
put a lot of dress on their bodies to be able to do the things they do. I give respect to anyone who
pushes themselves to the limit.

#6 Final: Hippies Part 2- The Ability to Have Good Vibes and Change Your Mood

 It’s not that free spirited people don’t care about the little problems at all, but they have learned how to take each day by whatever is thrown at them. This of course prevents having an emotional breakdown, which I’m sure you, as a college student, know about. That’s right; hippies don’t just pull this great attitude about life out of their asses. It actually takes time and a lot of work to train your mind not to worry if you normally stress easily. But there are a lot of different ways to maintain this positivity and EVERYONE, even you, has the ability to change their mood in multiple situations.
The first method of keeping the peace in every day life is of course meditation. I know what you’re thinking, but don’t knock it until you try it! The whole point of meditation is to cleanse your mind of things that weigh heavily on your conscience. These could be things that you’re aware of, or things that you don’t have time in your day to think about. While meditating, when a thought comes to mind, don’t react to it. That sounds crazy, like “aren’t you supposed to get all your feelings out?” Yes, but the act of not reacting to something that is stressing you out will make that problem seem easier to manage. Then, after it comes just let that thought go. It’s worked wonders for me, and I usually do it for five minutes at the beginning of my day when I do. Here’s a great video explaining how to meditate properly…

Also, it’s helpful to meditate with music, so just play whatever makes you feel relaxed. Or you could try an app on your phone called “Headspace” (just use the free ones).
Another amazing way to have positive energy, and to also value nature more, is to use aromatherapy. This really helps to get all your senses calm so that you can focus more without getting off track. This gives people the ability to believe that they can change their mood if they are sad, mad, or regretful. It also helps to literally tell yourself that you are fine, and that you ARE changing your mood. It’s kind of a mind trick. Anyway, I mostly use lavender and peppermint, but here’s a few more…

The last, and perhaps more controversial, way to have a more positive day is to wear, or surround your different spaces, with crystals. Much like essential oils, these crystals give off different vibes to help people maintain their emotions throughout their day. I say this is controversial because multiple religions have similar practices, and some people say it’s worshipping something other than god, blah blah blah. There’s a lot of crap out there, so just do what you feel will help you in the long run. And I understand that it might sound silly to put your emotional faith into a crystal, but if you believe it works, then that kind of tricks your brain into thinking you’re more at ease. Personally, I have a rose quartz necklace to help me with spreading love, and it always makes me feel better to have it on. There are a lot of different types and intentions, so I’ll include a list here…

And a video on crystal care here…

         These are just a few methods out there, but the whole purpose of hippies doing this is because people generally give off the vibes they get. So, as long as you have this free and open outlook on life, other people will bring good vibes in return.


Thursday, December 7, 2017

Sigmund Freud and Consciousness

Christian Nash
Philosophy 1030
Dr. Oliver
Installment #1
Sigmund Freud and Consciousness
            Sigmund Freud, born in 1856, was an Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis. He began his medical studies in 1873 in Vienna, later studying in Paris. In 1897, Freud studied himself and his dreams, and years later, he published The Interpretations of Dreams, “which explored dreams in terms of unconscious desires and experiences” (“History”). Freud spent his career clinically observing and making notes of his patients. After World War One, concentrated on the application of his theories to history, art, literature and anthropology. In 1923, he published 'The Ego and the Id', which suggested a new structural model of the mind, divided into the 'id, the 'ego' and the 'superego' (“History”).

            Freud believed that the mind operated at three different levels: the preconscious, the conscious, and the unconscious. Each of these states of mind play an important role in influencing human behavior. Freud used an iceberg metaphor to explain each level: “The top of the iceberg that you can see above the water represents the conscious mind. The part of the iceberg that is submerged below the water but is still visible is the preconscious. The bulk of the iceberg that lies unseen beneath the waterline represents the unconscious” (Kendra).

The preconscious is all sensory input that can potentially enter the conscious mind.

The conscious mind is a composition of all thoughts, memories, feelings, and wishes that we are aware of at any moment. This allows us the ability to talk and rational, coherent thinking. “A part of this includes our memory, which is not always part of consciousness but can be retrieved easily at any time and brought into our awareness” (Kendra).

The unconscious mind holds feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories, outside of our conscious awareness. According to Freud, the unconscious mind is the home of unacceptable or unpleasant contents, usually painful feelings, memories, or anxiety. “The unconscious continues to influence our behavior and experience, even though we are unaware of these underlying influences” (Kendra).

The Id, the Ego and the Superego:
Freud defines the id, the ego, and the superego as the characteristics of personality and how a person handles internal conflict.
The id functions on your impulses and pleasures. It tells you to indulge and enjoy the good things in life. An example of this would be eating a pint of ice cream before bed and waking up in the morning refusing to exercise because you are warm in your bed.

The superego controls mainly the unconscious mind. It sets your morals and is your self-critic. The superego uses guilt as a mechanism to keep you socially “in-line.” It lets you know whether what you are doing is right or wrong by causing you guilt by performing something that may not be socially acceptable.

The ego interprets the reality principle. The id and the superego are constantly clashing, while the ego relies on the reality principle to take the desires of the id and the caution of the superego and interpret those thoughts into real actions (“Freud’s)”.

Works Cited:
 “      Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego.” Study.com, Study.com, study.com/academy/lesson/id-ego-and-superego.html.
        “History - Sigmund Freud.” BBC, BBC, www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/freud_sigmund.shtml.

        Kendra Cherry | Reviewed by Steven Gans, MD. “What Are Freud's 3 Levels of Mind?”Verywell, www.verywell.com/the-conscious-and-unconscious-mind-2795946.