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Sunday, October 5, 2014

Section 13 Group 3 Study Guide Questions

1. Plato's parable of the cave was intended to illustrate the distinction between appearance and reality, and to introduce his Theory of ______. (LH 5)
                         Answer : Forms

2. What kind of evil does the Free Will Defense fail to account for? (P 25)
                        Answer: Natural evil

3. What was Aristotle's word for happiness, success, or flourishing? (LH 11)
                        Answer: Eudaimonia

4. True/False Epicurus said it is reasonable to fear death. (LH 23, P 34)
                        Answer: False

5. The point of moderate skepticism is to get closer to what? (LH 20)
                       Answer: The truth

6. The late 20th century Harvard philosopher, Robert Nozick, came up with a virtual reality thought experiment he called the _________ Machine. (P 50)
                      Answer: Experience

7. The view that facts and values are distinct and separate is associated with _____'s Law and ________ Fallacy. (P 59)
                     Answer: Hume, Naturalistic

8. Who consoles Boethius in his prison cell but also reprimands him for having forgotten her? (LH 41)
                     Answer: Philosophy

9. In contrast to utilitarians like Bentham, says Anthony Kenny, Aquinas agreed with Aristotle that happiness is not a _______ but a way of life. (PB 31)
                     Answer: Activity

10. Name one of the qualities Cicero and Seneca thought a politician should have, that Machiavelli rejected. (PB 46)
                       Answer: clementia/mercy, liberalitas/generosity, fides/good faith

btw: This is Shania because my account won't let me publish stuff. 


  1. Jim Bratton9:08 AM CDT

    FQs and DQs for next class:

    1. In what city was Michel de Montaigne born?
    2. What is the name of Sarah Bakewell's book on Montaigne?
    1. Why do you think the tendency to contradict yourself is disconcerting as a philosopher?

    "Appearance and Reality Part 2"
    1. (T/F) John Locke used a notion of primary and secondary qualities
    2. What is idealism?
    1. Do you think that there is a 'real world' out there that exists independently of people perceiving it?

  2. "Appearance and Reality Part 2"
    1. T/F One criticism of representative realism is that it seems just to push the problem of understanding perception back one stage.
    2.What did Berkeley suggest regarding sense experience?
    1. Do you think that our secondary quality senses paint the objects we see or do we see the object for its true color?

    Link: http://digitalcommons.iwu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1040&context=rev
    (Interesting defense of Locke's PrimarySecondary Quality Distinction)

  3. Science

    DQ: do you think that science has ultimately been beneficial or detrimental to mankind?


    FQ: T/F montaigne invented the literary form known as the essay

    FQ: T/F montaigne influenced later philosophers such as descartes and pascal

  4. Jim Bratton9:27 AM CDT

    FQs and DQs for October 15

    1. (T/F) Pascal was a devout Catholic
    2. When was Pascal's book published? What does his book's name translate to?

    1. Philosophers of mind are concerned with conceptual issues which arise when we think about what?
    2. What is Dualism?
    1. What are your thoughts on evolution?