PHILOSOPHY 1030-Introduction to Philosophy
(aka "CoPhilosophy," in Oliver's sections. We take a peripatetic approach, wear comfortable shoes.)
Spg 2017 Sections: #8-TTh 9:40 JUB 204; #9-TTh 1 pm JUB 202; #10-TTh 2:40 BAS S330
Dr. Phil Oliver, firstname.lastname@example.org - (615) 898-5888, 525-7865 (call this number only during office hours). NOTE: don't try to contact me via D2L, we're not using it.
OFFICE HOURS: TTh 11-1 & by appt., James Union Building (JUB) 300. NOTE: On "nice" days office hours may be outside, in front of JUB, the library, or another designated location... so if I'm not in the office, look for a note on the door directing you to my whereabouts. FYI: I reply to email mainly during office hours, but not at all on weekends. Best way to insure a prompt reply to any query: call or come in during office hours or designated appointment time.
The purpose of our course is to introduce some of the leading topics and figures of (mostly western) philosophy, with both a thematic and historical approach, and to help students discover and articulate their own philosophical ideas in a collegial and cooperative spirit. Our classroom emphasis is on collaboration: we'll be conversing, listening, and “putting our heads together” in group research and discussion both in the classroom and, in the peripatetic fashion, all around campus. See more on this at the course blogsite “CoPhilosophy": www.cophilosophy.blogspot.com.
Achieving our purpose will entail asking lots of questions and conversing about them, argumentatively but not disagreeably... supporting claims with reasons, listening thoughtfully and respectfully to one another, expressing our views amicably and hearing others’ views receptively. It is possible-- in a functional democracy it really is essential-- to share and contest differing views respectfully and in good faith. As a political culture we've not been doing such a good job of that lately. But why, after all, would you have come to college and enrolled in a philosophy course if you weren't prepared to entertain unfamiliar points of view?
- A Little History of Philosophy (LH)
- The Dream of Reason (DR)
- Two of the recommended and/or pop culture & philosophy* titles below-one for a collaborative midterm report, and one for a solo final report in two blog-post installments.
- The Dream of Enlightenment: The Rise of Modern Philosophy by Robert Gottlieb
- Philosophy Bites iPhone app
- Philosophy Bites Back (PB)
- Philosophy: The Basics (P)
- Philosophy: The Classics by Nigel Warburton (book & podcast)
- Pragmatism: A New Name for an Old Way of Thinking by William James
- America the Philosophical by Carlin Romano
- American Philosophy: A Love Story(Kaag)
- At the Existentialist Café: Freedom, Being, and Apricot Cocktails with Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Others by Sarah Bakewell
- How to Live: Montaigne... (Bakewell)
- Ethics in the Real World: 82 Brief Essays on Things That Matter (Peter Singer)
- The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically (Singer)
- Wanderlust: A History of Walking by Rebecca Solnit
- A Philosophy of Walking by Frederic Gros
- A Passion for Wisdom: A Very Brief History of Philosophy by Robert Solomon and Kathleen Higgins, and its longer version A Short History of Philosophy
- The God Dialogues: A Philosophical Journey by Torin Alter & Robert J. Howell
- Plato at the Googleplex: Why Philosophy Won't Go Away by Rebecca Goldstein
- The History of Western Philosophyby Bertrand Russell
- Logicomix: An Epic Search for Truthby some guys with difficult Greek names
*Pop culture and philosophy
T 17 - Introduce yourself in class and online (before next class) by replying to "Introductions" on our blogsite at http://cophilosophy.blogspot.com/ & read classmates' introductions. Answer two questions (bearing in mind that this is an open site): Who are you? and Why are you here (in school, in a philosophy class, in middle Tennessee... whatever you'd like to share)?
Th 19 – What's your definition of "philosophy"? Do you have a favorite philosopher? Can you summarize your current, personal philosophy of life? Introduction, DR
Also recommended: Look on the This I Believe website for essays you like, and post links to them; TIB IIWilliam James, Pragmatism lecture 1; WATCH: What's Philosophy for? School of Life (SoL). LISTEN: What is Philosophy? and Who's Your Favourite Philosopher? (PB Philosophy Bites)
T 24-Peripatetic philosophy. Gymnasiums of the Mind [link]
Also recommended: Read these old posts, this one, Pale Blue Dot, & TIB II ; look on the This I Believe website for essays you like, and post links to them; WATCH: Pale Blue Dot (Sagan) LISTEN: Why explorling space still matters (Tyson).
Th 26 - Milesians and Pythagoreans, DR 1-2
T 31 - Heraclitus, Parmenides, and Zeno DR 3-5
Th 2 - Empedocles and Anaxagoras, DR 6-7
T 7 - Democritus and the Sophists, DR 8-9
Th 9 - Socrates and the Socratics, DR 10
Also recommended: LISTEN M.M. McCabe on Socratic Method & Angie Hobbs on Plato on Erotic Love (PB); WATCH: Know Thyself; Diotima's Ladder: From Lust to Morality; Plato (SoL)
T 14 - The Man Who Asked Questions, LH 1; Plato, DR 11; Midterm group reports begin
Th 16 - True Happiness, LH 2
T 21 - Aristotle, DR 12
Also recommended: WATCH: Aristotle on Flourishing: How to Live a Good Life? LISTEN: Aristotle & flourishing; How Do I Live a Good Life? (HIp); Terence Irwin on Aristotle's Ethics (PB).
Th 23 - The Garden Path, Learning Not to Care, LH 4-5
T 28 - Epicureans and Stoics, DR 13 (293-336); Exam 1
Also recommended: WATCH Epicurus (SoL); Epicurus on Happiness; The Stoics (SoL); LISTEN Epicureanism (IOT); Epicurus the greatest philosopher? (IOT); Seneca & facing death (HI)
Th 2 - We Know Nothing, LH 3; Sceptics, DR 13 (336-357)
T 14 - Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, DR 14 (358-390)
Th 16 - NO CLASS (I'm going to a conference out of town). ASSIGNMENT: Post a 250+ word essay in reply to one of these three questions:
- 1. Do you agree or disagree with Augustine's approach to free will? How do you reconcile human free will with divine omniscience?
- 2. If you were in Boethius' situation, would you be consoled by "Philosophy"? Could you accept the thought that your own unjust and torturous murder was somehow necessary, in the larger scheme of things?
- 3. Do you think it is possible to conceive or have an idea of "perfection"? If so, what if anything does that prove about the universe?
Also, post at least one comment on a classmate's essay.
Anselm Who Is Pulling Our Strings?; The Consolation of Philosophy; and The Perfect Island LH 6-8
Also recommended: WATCH Augustine (SoL); LISTEN Neuroscience & free will (HI); Boethius (LH); Consolation of Philosophy tba; LISTEN Religious freedom as constraint (HI); WATCH: Boethius & Philosophy
T 21 - Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, DR 14 (390-425)
Also recommended: WATCH Aquinas & 1st Cause (HI) LISTEN Anthony Kenny on Aquinas' Ethics (PB)
Th 23 - The Renaissance, DR 15; The Fox and the Lion and Nasty Brutish and Short, LH 9-10
Also recommended: WATCH Hobbes on freedom & security (HI) LISTEN Quentin Skinner on Machiavelli's The Prince, Quentin Skinner on Hobbes on the State (PB); Hobbes & civil disobedience (HI)
T 28 - Montaigne, Descartes, & Pascal, LH 11-12; tba
Also recommended: (How to Live, ch1); LISTEN Sarah Bakewell on Michel de Montaigne (PB); A.C. Grayling on Descartes' Cogito (PB); WATCH Montaigne (SoL); Descartes (HI)
Th 30 - NO CLASS (I'm going to a conference out of town). ASSIGNMENT: Post a 250+ word essay on either Spinoza, Locke, or Reid. Also, post at least one comment on a classmate's essay.
Spinoza, Locke, & Reid, LH 13-14
Also recommended: LISTEN Susan James on Spinoza on the Passions (PB)
T 4 - Exam 2; Berkeley, Leibniz, Hume, & Rousseau, LH 15-18
Also recommended: John Campbell on Berkeley's Puzzle (PB); Locke on personal identity (HI); WATCH The Is/Ought Problem. LISTEN Peter Millican on Hume's Significance, Melissa Lane on Rousseau on Civilization (PB); Hume & the philosophy of good taste (HI); Hume (IOT); Hume the greatest philosopher? (IOT)
Th 6 - Kant, Bentham, Hegel, Schopenhauer LH 19-23
Also rec: WATCH Kant's Axe (HI); LISTEN Adrian Moore on Kant's Metaphysics (PB); LISTEN Robert Stern on Hegel on Dialectic (PB)
T 11 - Mill, Darwin, Kierkegaard, Marx LH 24-27
Also rec: WATCH Mill's harm principle, Paley & the divine watchmaker (HI); LISTEN Richard Reeves on Mill's On Liberty (PB); WATCH Marx (SoL); Marx on alienation (HI); Humans, Apes, & Linnaeus; Evolution & Beauty (HI)
Also rec: LISTEN Angie Hobbs on beauty & goodness (HI); WATCH Nietzsche (SoL); LISTEN: Aaron Ridley on Nietzsche on Art and Truth (PB); Jung & the mind (HI)
T 18 - Russell, Ayer, Sartre, de Beauvoir, Camus LH 31-33
Th 20 - Wittgenstein, Arendt, Popper & Kuhn, Foot & Thomson LH 34-37
T 25 - Rawls, Turing & Searle, Singer LH 38-40; Last class, top 3 run-leaders declared, Exam #3; 1st final solo report blog post due; Turn in personal log
MAY 2- 2d final solo report blog post due from non-exemptees
COURSE REQUIREMENTS & grades, Spg 2017-
EXTRA CREDIT REPORT TOPIC SUGGESTIONS:
- Pre-17th century philosopher (midterm)
- Non-assigned texts (pre-Socratics, Bergson, Logical Analysis, ...)
- Eastern philosophy (Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Taoism...)
- Pop culture & philosophy (see sidebar)
- Post-17th century philosopher (final)
- Women in philosophy
- Existentialism (Sartre, de Beauvoir, Camus...)
- Charles Sanders Peirce
- John Rawls on justice
- Alan Turing vs. John Searle on Artificial Intelligence
- Peter Singer on altruism
- Your suggestion, w/approval
Scorecards, & how to play the game
Can't tell the players without a scorecard.
We'll track daily participation with baseball-style scorecards. But our game's much easier than the national pastime, all you have to do to get to 1st base is show up for class. Each class date is a column or "inning" on the scorecard. Simply showing up to class gets you to 1st base. Mark your scorecard accordingly. Now you're eligible to collect more bases and score up to 5 runs per class (runs=participation points, 4 bases = 1 run).
Collect a base for each relevant comment, question, or link you posted before class, and for each correct quiz answer.
Collect a base if you served as your group's discussion MODERATOR, SCOREKEEPER, or REPORTER today. (MODERATORS keep group discussion flowing, orderly, & civil, SCOREKEEPERS certify, tally, and post each group member's runs totals, today and to date, REPORTERS post a brief summary of their group's conversation).
Collect a base if you started the computer/projector & opened this site in our classroom before class.
Collect a base if you do something else that the professor chooses to reward.
How to post. Eventually, everyone will have an opportunity to sign up as an "author" on our site. Until then, post your questions, comments, links, etc. in the current "comments" section under the quiz. Or, post under a classmate's author account (click on "new post" in the upper right.)
"When the last great scorer comes to mark against your name, it matters not if you won or lost, but how you played the game." Grantland Rice (Murfreesboro's most famous son)
Before coming to each class:
1. Read/watch/listen to the assigned material for that date
2. Post relevant questions, comments, & links
3. Date and log the bases & runs you intend to claim on the scorecard in your personal log, in verbal notation (eg, "posted weekly essay = 4 bases/1 run... posted 2 comments, 1 link, 1 quiz question, 1 discussion question = 5 bases/1 run, 1 extra base"). Turn logs in with each exam.
4. Write your quiz answers on a separate sheet of paper and bring it to class.
When you get to class each day, find two classmates to join in discussion (we'll always split into rotating discussion groups of three, for a portion of our classtime, with a different combination each class).
On nice (enough) days we'll quickly head outdoors, where we'll grade the quizzes, have a brief class discussion about the day's new material, and then break into peripatetic discussion groups. (If you are physically restricted, or just prefer not to participate, an alternative assignment will be provided... or you can form a sedentary discussion group).
Each group will designate a MODERATOR (to keep discussion relevant and flowing), SCOREKEEPER (to certify, tally, and post runs totals), and REPORTER (to post ASAP a brief account of your conversation, including group participants' names & topic(s) discussed, etc.) Take turns playing all these positions.
At the end of class we'll update personal logs (noting additional bases collected during class and from the quiz) and mark the scorecard. You can claim up to 5 runs per class, certified by your group's SCOREKEEPER.
We'll do daily quizzes consisting of at least 4 questions, posted before class on our site by me and supplemented (in the comments section) by you. Each correct answer earns a base. 4 bases = 1 run. The final semester exams will be drawn from the quizzes.
Why a daily quiz? Because philosophy is all about the questions, and because "frequent quizzes can deepen learning" (see "How to Study" below).
And note: "One reason scientists suspect that studying in pairs or groups can be helpful is that students are forced to talk to one another about the material-or better yet, argue about it... [this] deepens learning more than passively rereading or reviewing the material" alone. Hence, the rationale for our quiz-and-collaboration course format.
Besides, it's fun.
Questions & Links etc.
QUIZ QUESTIONS, DISCUSSION QUESTIONS. An example of a QQ: “Was it Plato or Aristotle who presented the Allegory of the Cave in his book The Republic?” [Plato]. A DQ might be: “Who do you think had a better understanding of reality and how we can discover it, Plato or Aristotle? Why?”
LINKS. An example of a posted link that would get you home to score: “Plato’s Allegory of the Cave is helpfully explained in a cartoon I found on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EPz5z1pUag”... OR, “I found a helpful article about Aristotle in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy at http://www.iep.utm.edu/aristotl/” etc.
MODERATOR. Each group selects a moderator each class to keep the conversation relevant and flowing.
SCOREKEEPER. Each group picks a scorekeeper each class to certify, tally, update, and post each group member's current runs total.
REPORTER. Each group selects a reporter each class to post a brief summary of their conversation.
Everyone should play each of these positions in turn.
Spring Semester 2017
Jan 17 - Classes Begin
March 6-11 - Spring Break
April 25 - Last class, Exam 3, Final solo report post installment 1 due
May 6 - Commencement - Undergraduate
May 8 - Deadline for Final Grades
The original peripatetics were Aristotle's students at the Lyceum, back in the day. Legend has it that they didn't sit indoors in orderly rows like students nowadays, but instead roamed the grounds in small groups, walking-and-talking philosophy. I like their style, apocryphal or not.It’s a model we’ll emulate when the weather is nice enough, outdoors. They're also why I'm developing a Study Abroad course that will involve walking and talking in England beginning in the summer of '17. Stay tuned for more info on that.
School of Life (SoL) videos
History of Ideas video animations
History of Ideas podcasts
In Our Time podcasts
JPO's blogs & podcasts (we're not using D2L): JPO blogs at CoPhilosophy, Up@dawn and Delight Springs, podcasts here and on Soundcloud (More day to dawn, at iTunes), and tweets @osopher. "You don't need to follow me..."
but if a blog or podcast link is included with the daily quiz you'll probably want to read or listen.
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You are encouraged to take advantage of this free service.
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