Up@dawn 2.0

Sunday, October 5, 2014

Section 14, Group 1 Study Guide Questions

Here's 10 FQ's on behalf of Group 1:

1. Describe the premise of Hobbes' "social contract."
From Leviathan, man lived in the state of nature with no laws, social contract creates protection by government and people surrender some of their rights to a higher authority.

2. What is vivisection?
Dissection of an animal that is still alive.

3. What was the name of the king that sent Boethius to jail and eventually death?
King Theodoric the Great

4. What was the term that Aristotle used to describe flourishing in life?

5. What was the name of the US. fighter pilot who used Epictetus' teachings to help survive torture?
James B. Stockdale

6. Define "universalizablity."
The idea that a moral judgement must be equally applicable in every possible situation. 

7. What was the main teaching/ideal of skepticism?
Question everything, never commit fully to anything.

8. How old was Hobbes when he died, and why is it noteworthy?
91 years old; it was almost 3 times greater than the life expectancy at the time

9. Machiavelli said that it is better to be ____  than to be ____.
Feared; loved

10. What does Machiavelli say that a prince must do/exhibit to be "effective"?
Exhibit "virtu", or manliness, and prove your strength and power rather than your compassion.

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