Up@dawn 2.0

Monday, April 14, 2014

Daily Quiz

April 14
1. What is the point of James's squirrel anecdote? OR, What is the pragmatic definition of truth? OR, How does James's view of truth differ from the traditional view? OR, Who did James credit with first saying that truth is not dependent on "invisible properties" but on practical consequences?

2. What's the difference between theism, atheism, and agnosticism? OR, What's James's view of what makes religious statements true? OR, Who made fun of James's view by saying it meant he had to believe in Santa?

3. Who carried on James's style of pragmatic thinking in the 20th century? OR, What do pragmatists think words allow us to do? OR, Does Warburton think pragmatists believe any ideas or interpretations are "correct for all time"?

4. Did Nietzsche believe God had literally died? OR, Did Nietzsche defend or recommend doing evil? OR, Why did Nietzsche reject Christianity as a source of values?

5. What's an Ubermensch? OR, Who distorted Nietzsche's philosophy to support their "warped" views and geopolitical agenda? OR, Whose cut-&-paste version of Nietzsche's philosophy supported racist interpretations of it?

6. What was the "3d great revolution in human thought"? OR, What's the method & purpose of psychoanalysis? OR, What's the Oedipus complex? OR, What do dreams symbolize? OR, Who criticized the "unfalsifiability" of Freud's theories?

7. Who are the "god figures" Nietzsche distinguished as representing the metaphysical tension implicit in our experience? OR, What was Nietzsche's view of suffering?

8. What American political philosopher declared the possible "end of history" in the 1980s? OR, In what state did a senator try to write the Ten Commandments into ethics legislation? OR, Who wrote an essay questioning the value of "loyalty" on the part of those who proclaim "America:Love it or Leave it"? OR, What Harvard linguist and political activist is the only living member of the "ten most-quoted humanist thinkers of all time"?

1.165-7   2.167-8   3.169   4.171-3   5.174-5   6.177-9, 181   7.PB 173-4, 179   8. AP 231, 238, 241, 244

DQ: Do you think it's possible to prove that some ideas or beliefs are absolutely True, for all time? How? If we can't prove that, is it still meaningful to speak of the truths of history, morality, reality, etc.? What would you propose as examples of such truths? How do you defend their truth?

DQ: Does a Kierkegaardian necessarily disagree with Nietzsche's claim that "God is dead"? What would be some signs or supportive evidence for that claim? Do you value your own suffering? Do you think you have a moral obligation to try and lessen the suffering of others?

DQ: What do you think of Freud's explanations of why people are unhappy (they've been "civilized" to repress their desires) and why they believe in God (they seek the security of childhood, a father-figure, etc.)?

DQ: What do you think of Chomsky's critique of America as a "totalitarian culture" and a "terrorist state"? (244,246)
FQ: What are the three positions of believing God does exist, no he doesn't exist, and maybe I don't know? theism, atheism, & agnosticism. p167

DQ: So What? Started off with a parable about a hunter circling the squirrel; do you think the hunter is circling the squirrel?

FQ: There are plenty of lines in Nietzsche works that defend the _____ of the ______ to ______ the _____. right, strong, destroy, weak. p175

DQ: What understanding did you get for The Death of God?

FQ: Who is the Greek mythology where Freud gets his though of a boy wanting his mother? Oedipus. p178

DQ: In Freud's Thoughts of Disguise, he talk about a dream of a snake or umbrella and a sword. If you was having that dream do you would it mean what Freud said that it's a penis, or a purse & a cave being a vagina?

I think Freud might have been a woman version of a nympho.

Just for fun. A squirrel running around

FQ: The world is ultimately _____ and _____and ______ striving. chaos, destruction, meaningless. p173

FQ: T/F Art gives illusion to something which is Flux. True p176

FQ: Once Nietzsche comes out of his positivist period he will still think what of the world? It's inherently chaotic, indifferent to human purposes and human needs. p179

DQ: Do you feel as if you and everyone else should have never been born at all?

FQ: Peirce want to distinguish his views by giving it the name 'Pragmaticism' a name that is? 'ugly enough to be safe from kidnappers' p193

FQ; Who does Peirce see as one of the kidnappers? William James p193

FQ: What does James belief in God mean? hope for the improvement of the universe. p195

FQ: T/F Pragmatism is just a simple philosophy that get to the deeper thing; an explicit rejection of the thought should not pursue traditional philosophical aspirations. False p200 
FQ: Major American media did not take Chomsky seriously as a ____________? (political philosopher)
DQ: Do you agree or disagree with Chomsky's view that "Nothing can justify crimes such as those of September 11, but we can think of the U.S. as 'innocent victim' only if we adopt the convention path of ignoring the record of its action and those of its allies, which are, all, hardly a secret?"
Link: Great NYT article on Chomsky: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/10/opinion/fish-scholarship-and-politics-the-case-of-noam-chomsky.html?_r=0
(DQ) Why did James feel that believing in God is a good idea? Because it's good for the believer to believe it.
(FQ) Who thought that Christian morality origins stemmed from envious slaves? Nietzsche
(FQ) What type of thinking is Freud credited with discovering? Unconscious

FQ: What philosophical approach, started by American philosopher and scientist C.S. Peirce, become popular in the United States in the late nineteenth century? Pragmatism (LH 165)

FQ2: Who believed that for a statement to be true there had to be a reasonable experiment or observation to support the claim? C.S. Peirce (LH 165-166) 

DQ: Peirce seemed to believe everything needed to be experimented on or observed to be proven true; do you agree? Do we need to have factual or reasonable proof to believe in a statement?

LINK: Here's a little more on Peirce, James, and Pragmatism...
FQ: What is Francis Fukuyama's first book? AP pg 231 (The End of History and the Last Man)

FQ: What thymos mean? pg. 233 (spiritedness)

FQ: What is core principles of neoconservatism that Fukuyama believed? pg 236 (that the internal character of regimes matters)

FQ: Charles Krauthammer, welcomed The End of the History as what? pg 237 (bold, lucid, scandalously brilliant) 

Francis Fukuyama’s “The End of History?”: A Summary
Link: http://skram-marks.blogspot.com/2008/11/summary-of-francis-fukuyamas-end-of.htmlrrrrrrrre

The Future of Thymos by Thomas G. Dineen III
Link: http://www.intellectualconservative.com/article1034.html

FQ: What three major figures does "American Pragmatism" include? (PB 190)
FQ: Pragmatism is described as a _________. (PB 190)
FQ: Who did Pragmatism begin with, and what was his definition of it? (PB 190)
FQ: "If you perform certain __________ with it, you get certain __________." (PB 191)
FQ: What types of things did Pragmatists say would put you philosophically off on the wrong track? (PB 192)
FQ: What is Logical Positivism? (PB 192)
FQ: What is William James' problem with Pierce's statement of Pragmatism? (PB 192)
FQ: What does Pierce change the name of his view to? (PB 193)
FQ: What does Pierce call James after Pierce renames his philosophical view? (PB 193)
FQ: What does James think about the meaning of believing in God with his view of Pragmatism? (PB 193)
FQ: What did William James famously say about truth? (PB 194)
FQ: What did belief in God mean for James? (PB 195)
FQ: What is transubstantiation? (PB 195)
FQ: What is the theory of inquiry? (PB 196)
FQ: True or false: There is only one version of pragmatism?

DQ: Are the views of Pragmatists correct in saying that questions that bothered the likes of Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes, Kant, etc. have set us off on the wrong path?

LINK: http://www.iep.utm.edu/pragmati/
This is a more in-depth explanation of what Pragmatism is.

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