1. What was the main message of Wittgenstein's Tractatus? OR the central theme of his later work? OR What did he see as his role, as a philosopher?
2. Why did he talk about "language games"? OR What does it mean to "show the fly the way out of the fly bottle"? OR Why can't we have our own private language?
3. Was Eichmann the first Nazi Hannah Arendt encountered? OR What phrase did Arendt use to describe what she saw in Eichmann and other Nazis?
4. When, according to Popper, does science progress? OR How do scientists test their theories? OR What is the Problem of Induction?
5. What's the difference between science and pseudo-science? OR What was Popper's objection to psychoanalysis and Marxism? OR What's a paradigm shift?
6. How did Wittgenstein think people had misconceived the relationship between language, thought, and people? OR What did he consider deeply flawed about Descartes' approach to thinking?
7. Who said "American dynamism" involved self-reliance, endurance, friendliness, democratic informality, aggressiveness, technology, and a sense of bigness and power? OR Who thought Socrates was a snob? OR Who admired George Orwell and wrote God is not Great?
1.203 2.204-6 3.210, 212 4.214-16 5.218-20 6.PB 207-8 7.AP 285, 288,295
FQ: Where did Hanna Arendt emigrate to as a German Jew? U. S. (LH p210)
FQ: What did Hitchens describe his social life? "Perfectly Congruent" (AP p293)
FQ: Why did Smith say Wittgenstein thought philosophy was in trouble when language went on holiday? When language is being used in a philosophically prescribed way instead of a normal way. (PB p207)
DQ from presentation: Do you agree with Marcus Garvey about African-Americans or Blacks should go back to Africa?
FQ: Who said in The Human Condition that modernity is characterized by "the loss of the world" or the restriction/elimination of traditional standards and values?
Answer: Hannah Arendt
DQ: Arendt seemed to view modernity in quite a stark manner, saying basically that people are out for themselves and don't learn from history, etc. Agree? Disagree? Care?
Link: They made a movie about Arendt! Here's the trailer:
FQ: What book written by Max Lerner praised American dynamism? (America as a Civilization.
DQ: Do you agree with Darwin's point of view on evolution that it is just change through natural selection? Do you think that this contradicts any religious views?
Link: NYT article on Max Lerner.. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/06/06/arts/max-lerner-writer-89-is-dead-humanist-on-political-barricades.html
FQ) Who began as a student of engineering, came to England before WWI to study with Bertrand Russell.
DQ) Why is it that we talk about math as something that we can spill our coffee on or something we can trip on?
FQ: Who wrote America as a Civilization?
DQ: Lerner said "The turning point in the process of growing up is when you discover the core of strength within you that survives all hurt." What do you think the turning point of growing up is?