Up@dawn 2.0

Monday, February 24, 2014

Daily Quiz

Feb. 24

1.  What judge and author was inspired by Plato's Symposium to write about sex?

2. Whose book The Prince, published in 1532, was described as evil and a handbook for gangsters? OR, Who said it was more important for a leader to be feared than loved?

3. Machiavelli said a prince needs ______, the Italian word for manliness.

4. Which English philosopher walked daily (with a cool writing stick), lived to 91, denied the existence of an immaterial soul, and thought it's only fear of punishment and the law that keeps us in check?

5. How does Machiavelli follows the example of Boethius? OR, with which Roman Stoics does he 

6. What recently-deceased legal scholar rejected the separation of law and morality, and said only conscious beings have "interests"?

7. What late art critic and former MTSU Lyceum speaker said a urinal can be a work of art if properly interpreted?
8. Who "made it possible for American intellectuals to think philosophically about movies"?

1. Richard Posner-117 AP. 2. Niccolo Machiavelli-LH 52, 55. 3. virtu-LH 53. 4. Thomas Hobbes-LH 57f. 5. Fortuna, 45, Cicero & Seneca 46. 6. Ronald Dworkin, AP 110-11. 7. Arthur Danto AP 120-21. 8. Stanley Cavell

FQ: _______ believed that no ultimate test existed for determining what constitutes law in a particular system.
DQ: According to Dworkin, Judges "in hard cases, they must discover (not invent) the moral theory that 'best explains and justifies' rights established in settled law", agree or disagree?

FQ: Who did Borgia place in charge of Romagna? (Hint: He also later had him murdered.)
FQ: Why did Borgia kill his own commander?
FQ: For Machiavelli, what was more important than how something is achieved?
FQ: Which does Machiavelli say it is more important for a leader to be, loved or feared?
FQ: What animals does Machiavelli say we, as humans, should learn from?
FQ: What does the adjective Machiavellian mean?

DQ: What do you think is more effective for a leader, to be loved or to be feared? Is there a possible balance of both?

LINK: http://www.amazon.com/Prince-Bantam-Classics-Niccolo-Machiavelli/dp/0553212788
This is a link if you want to buy "The Prince" by Machiavelli for like $5. I agree with Yousef that it sounds pretty cool.
LINK: http://www.quickmeme.com/Machiavelli-Meme
Now that we understand what Machiavelli believes, some of these Machiavelli memes are actually interesting.

FQ: What did Machiavelli say that an effective prince has to learn? 

Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5IGBKu6qM7Y

DQ: Do you agree with Machiavelli's philosophy on how to approach being a leader?

Link: http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/machiavelli.html

Q: What is the name of Posner's book about the philosophy of law? "The Problems of Jurisprudence" AP pg. 118

FQ: Dworkin's abortion argument _______ _______ America's battle over abortion, any more than his subsequent writings on ___________ of presidential impeachment won unanimous consent. p113 didn't, solve, euthanasia

FQ: What two events prompted Posner's attention to sex? p117 his reading of Plato's Symposium and the case Barnes vs. Glen Theatre Inc.(1991). 

DQ: Posner asked What is law? So, what is your intake on what law really is?

Here is a video on Dworkin: Skepticism 

FQ: What family is responsible for having Machiavelli thrown in prison and later banished from his home city? -The Medici Family

FQ: This 17th century philosopher was a materialist who believed that people were simply physical beings and that there is no such thing as the soul. -Thomas Hobbes

DQ: Do you think people are only kept in check by the rule of law and the threat of punishment?

Link: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/10/opinion/why-machiavelli-matters.html?_r=0

DQ: Do you feel that you could apply "The Prince's" ideals into your own life?

FQ: The latin word Fortuna means what in english? PB 44

FQ: what Christian author wrote a book filed with ideologies that were completely opposite of Michiavellis's? PB45
DQ: Do you believe that if the civilization crashed and all rules were demolished that we all would kill or steal to survive if that was what was necessary?


DQ: What is law? What makes it effective or ineffective? How far should the law be able to reach? What limitations should be placed?

Link: Here's a brief commentary by Posner about his personal philosophy. . .

FQ: What qualities did Machiavelli admire in Cesare Borgia, the only leader of his time that really impressed him? 

FQ: In 1938, Britain's prime minister took this man's word that he would not attempt to expand his country's territory, failing to learn from Machiavelli's lessons.

DQ: There are a ton of examples of world leaders using underhanded tactics to retain power. The CIA, FBI, Gestapo, the KGB. Is Machiavelli right in saying that in order to survive, a leader must be ruthless when necessary?


Fq: what family, who previously ruled Florence, threw Machiavelli into prison claiming he was plotting to overthrow them?
Medici family

Fq: how did Machiavelli believe you could improve your odds of success?
By acting bravely and swiftly

Dq: do you believe as a leader its better to be feared than loved?
Fq: what animals did Machiavelli say to learn from and why?
The fox because they are cunning and can spot traps and the lion because they are immensely strong and terrifying.


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