Up@dawn 2.0

Thursday, April 28, 2016

Philosophy of Psychology part 2

In my second report I'm going to be talking about Sigmund Freud. He was not only a renowned psychologist, but his ideas related to philosophy as well. Freud elaborated the theory that the mind is a complex energy-system. He refined the concepts of the unconscious, infantile sexuality and repression, and he proposed a tripartite account of the mind’s structure all to better understand human psychological development and to have a reference to treat mental conditions. Freud’s account of the sexual genesis and nature of neuroses led him naturally to develop a clinical treatment for treating such disorders. The term psychoanalysis properly designates both the clinical treatment and the theory which underlies it. A hysterical patient was encouraged to talk freely about the earliest occurrences of his/her symptoms and fantasies, the symptoms began to abate, and were eliminated entirely when he/she was encouraged to remember their trauma; Freud further developed this "talking cure" concluding that conflicts were buried in the unconscious mind. This idea is how Freud related his findings to philosophy. He didn't even mean to be such a philosopher with his findings he, ironically, unconsciously related to it. Freud actually wasn't a fan of philosophy, in fact in 1933 he said, "Philosophy is not opposed to science, it behaves itself as if it were a science, and to a certain extent it makes use of the same methods; but it parts company with science, in that it clings to the illusion that it can produce a complete and coherent picture of the universe. Its methodological error lies in the fact that it over-estimates the epistemological value of our logical operations… But philosophy has no immediate influence on the great majority of mankind; it interests only a small number even of the thin upper stratum of intellectuals, while all the rest find it beyond them." One piece of philosophical wisdom we could take from Freud might be "those who are unaware of their feelings risk becoming puppets of those feelings."

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