Monday, June 6, 2016
June 8th Chapters 13-15 questions
June 8 Chapters 13-15 questions
Chapter 13. Celestial Harmonies: Plato in the Middle Ages
1. In the name of what, did Saint Bernard say that, “The garments of Christ are being divided, the sacraments of the Church torn to shreds” and that Abelard “corrupts the integrity of the faith … and oversteps the landmarks placed by our Fathers?”
2. According to Saint Bernard, what is the root of all evil, and the Achilles’s heel of the Aristotelian mind?
3. What was the startling new twist that the Syrian monk, Pseudo-Dionysius, gave to Plato’s influence on Western thought?
4. “Thanks in large part to the school of Chartres, by 1150 the image of God as Geometer was appearing everywhere, in medieval manuscripts and in statuary. And the most important geometric form of all was the ______? And why?
Chapter 14. At the Summit: Arabs, Aristotle, and Saint Thomas Aquinas
1. According to Herman, what was the “rich cultured and commercial interface between East and West that made Toledo Europe’s first cosmopolitan capital?
2. In Toledo, what did Gerard of Cremona decide would be his life’s work and why was that decision so important to us?
3. According to Herman, “the fact remains that without _______ help, Western Europe would never have recovered its knowledge of Greek science and mathematics – still the foundations of modern science today – or understood how to interpret it?
4. According to Averroës, what were the three levels of reason and the three ways of attaining the truth?
Chapter 15. The Razor’s Edge
1. Ockham’s razor is in effect a kind of eraser, to rub out what?
2. Roger Bacon grasped the empirical aspect of Aristotle’s thought which was what?
3. What was one of the most troubling problems that medieval philosophers faced, that Ockham solved?
4. What was the sweeping and revolutionary concept regarding calling a General Council meeting?