Friday, June 24, 2016
Chapters 21-22 and chapters 5-8 questions
June 29 Chapters 21-22 and Chapter 5-8 questions
Chapter 21. Aristotle in a Periwig: The Culture of the Enlightenment
1. According to Herman, “virtually every eighteenth-century artistic endeavor from poetry to music and painting was governed by rules drawn from Aristotle’s __________ and _________________?
2. What was one of the two things John Adams said he learned from reading Plato?
3. According to Lord Kames, human history could be divided into four distinct stages of growth. What are they?
4. Locke argued that we are not born with any innate ideas or knowledge about anything. Everything we know, we have to learn from outside ourselves. The mind is (in Locke’s most famous metaphor) a __________ ___________, a ___________ ____________?
Chapter 22. Starting Over: Plato, Rousseau, and Revolution
1. What did Rousseau do on a day in 1749 that Frederic Gros say that Nietzsche and Thoreau also thought one should do? It had a profound influence on his thinking and writing.
2. What were the two simple propositions that Rousseau’s critique of Plato boil down to?
3. According to Kant, “the task ahead lies in creating institutions that will reflect our true moral nature, the voice of conscience that recognizes certain moral actions as an urgent duty without room for reflection or compromise.” He termed that voice the _____________?
4. Why did the ordinary people resist Rousseau’s evangelism?
Chapter 5-8 A Philosophy of Walking
1. What is the illusion of speed?
2. Gros finds in Rimbaud that sense of walking as __________?
3. Why does Gros say that it is impossible to be alone when walking?
4. “Thoreau observed repeatedly that silence usually taught him more than the company of others. Just as there are several solitudes, so there are several silences.” What were some of the silences that Gros listed?