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Monday, June 13, 2016

June 15 Chapters 16-18 questions

June 15 Chapters 16-18 questions
Don Enss

Chapter 16. Aristotle, Machiavelli, and the Paradoxes of Liberty

1.      What are the two ways that a citizen can contribute to a free self-governing community?
2.      What is the concept that is a universal human value transcending all local traditions and historical contexts and is an essential part of human nature and potentiality that the Florentines had discovered in Aristotle and passed onto subsequent generations including ours?
3.      What was the turning point in Machiavelli’s life and a pivot point in the evolution of Western political thinking?
4.      In writing the Discourses, Machiavelli discovered a basic paradox. What was the paradox?

Chapter 17. The Creative Ascent: Plato and the High Renaissance

1.      The rediscovery of Plato in the fifteenth century reopened issues that had consumed Christian thinkers since Origen and Saint Augustine. What were some of these issues?
2.      What is the difference regarding “self” between the theology of Saint Augustine or Saint Bernard and Ficino’s Platonic theology?
3.      What was Giovanni Pico della Mirandola’s (Pico’s) single mission?
4.     According to Herman, if you “scratch your average conspiracy theorist, you’ll probably find a __________  __________  underneath?

Chapter 18. Twilight of the Scholastics: The Reformation and the Doom of Aristotle

1.      What did Martin Luther state that he suddenly heard himself say, almost in a trance when he reach to last step of the Scala Santa?
2.      When Luther returned home to prepare lectures on the Bible, one passage of Scripture left him transfixed and was a turning point in his theology. What was that passage?
3.      Why did the printing press trigger a revolution in Western Civilization?

4.      Over time Ficino, Colet, and their colleagues raised the art of recovering a corrupt text’s lost meaning to a science, which they called __________? Why was their work so important?

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