While most people would almost never associate Karl Marx with Plato in any way other than recognizing that both of their ideals and teachings fall under the ambiguous umbrella of philosophy, they do have one concise similarity: both men coalesced their views on human nature and societal behavior into major works of writing outlining what they considered to be the perfect society. Of course, these two societies are drastically different from one another; in a political sense (disregarding economic motives), the self-proclaimed elite caste of Plato's republic is exactly what Marx's communist revolution is trying to bring down, while Plato would consider the "mob rule" mentality of the latter's citizenry to be the very reason to use a preordained caste system in the first place. These clashing sets of ideals create an interesting opportunity to analyze the viability of supposed "utopias" and the circumstances under which they would be possible or impossible. To this end, I will be going over the philosophies behind both Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto and Plato's Republic, as well as the society in which we live today. I will assess the viability of the two "perfect" societies, and discuss both the strengths and weaknesses of our current system. Finally, I will present the factors which I believe would contribute to the most ideal society the human race can achieve, and the methods by which these factors can be acquired and combined into a functional civilization.
- It is rather fluid and progressive, with regards to both science and cultural norms.
- It has checks and balances to ensure no ethnic or political minority gets left out, and no majority obtains complete control.
- It allows us to retain our personal liberties while also maintaining a relatively ideal system of government.