- Do you think we all wear conceptual "spectacles" of some kind? If so, does that present a problem for the possibility of mutual understanding between ourselves and/or other kinds of knowers?
- Does the spectacles analogy work, given the impossibility of actually removing our conceptual spectacles or changing prescriptions?
- Can we really achieve synthetic a priori knowledge from our armchairs? 114
- If you help someone because you feel sorry for them, have you behaved morally? 116 What if, reflecting on why you feel sorry for them, you conclude that helping them would be the right thing to do?
- Are there any moral rules you believe to be absolutely inviolable, never to be broken for any reason? Can you imagine a situation in which you think it would be right to lie, cheat, or steal?
- Does history mean anything, either in advance or in retrospect? Is history (as Henry Ford said) "bunk"? Can we learn lessons from history that will enable us to avoid repeating past errors? Do you agree with George Santayana that if we don't learn from history's mistakes we're doomed to repeat them?
- Is the world becoming more conscious, somehow? Does nature come to know itself through us?
- If we could somehow know that the world had no ultimate purpose, would pessimism and despair be an appropriate response?
- Do art, literature, and music have redemptive properties?
Monday, April 3, 2017
April 6 Quiz
Kant, Bentham, Hegel, Schopenhauer LH 19-23
1. Kant said we can know the ____ but not the ____ world.
2. How does synthetic knowledge differ from analytic knowledge?
3. What was Kant's great insight?
4. What, according to Kant, is irrelevant to morality?
5. Kant said you should never ___, because ___. Kant called the principle that supports this view the ____ _____.
6. Who formulated the Greatest Happiness principle? What did he call his method? Where can you find him today?
7. Who created a thought experiment that seems to refute Bentham's view of how pleasure relates to human motivation?
8. What did Hegel mean when he spoke of the "owl of Minerva"? What did he think had been reached in his lifetime?
9. What Kantian view did Hegel reject?
10. What is Geist? When did Hegel say it achieved self-knowledge?
11. What "blind driving force" did Schopenhauer allege to pervade absolutely everything (including us)?
12. What did Schopenhauer say could help us escape the cycle of striving and desire?