1. John Stuart Mill criticized his father's friend _____'s version of Utilitarianism, saying it failed to distinguish higher and lower _____ of pleasure. (quantities, qualities) LH 139-40
2. What was the title of Mill's 1859 defense of "giving each person space to develop as they saw fit" so long as they do no harm in the process? 141
3. What did Mill think happens to views and opinions that go unchallenged? What do they turn into? 143
4. (T/F) Charles Darwin defended evolution by natural selection in a debate at the Oxford Museum of Natural History in 1860. 145
5. (T/F) Darwin called evolution by natural selection "the single best idea anyone has ever had." 146
6. What do we know that Darwin didn't, that makes evolution more than "just a hypothesis"? 151
BONUS: Who said "What do I care about J.S. Mill? I only want to lead a quiet life." PB 160
1. Is it better to be a contented "piggish" person, or a discontented intellectual? Better Socrates dissatisfied or a pig satisfied? Are some pleasures inherently higher in quality than others? Which ones?
2. Mill would say we don't have a right to interfere with others' preferred pleasures, though we may have a duty to criticize them. Might such criticism encroach on someone's "space," should they "see fit" to live a life of slovenly pleasure?
3. Do you ever conclude a statement of belief with the caveat that it's "just my opinion"? What do you think Mill would say about that?
4. How do you respond to the idea that our humanity is demeaned by biological association with other species? What do you think of Bishop Wilberforce's rhetorical debate question? What's your answer to those who ask "why are there still monkeys"?
5. What do you think is the best idea of all time?
6. "The whole subject of God is too profound for the human intellect." Agree or disagree? Should everybody just stop talking about it?
*Mill & Darwin quotes