2. If (and only if) you help an injured stranger because _________ (it's your duty, you feel sorry for him), Kant says, you've acted morally. LH 115-16
3. Jeremy Bentham's utilitarianism affirms the Greatest ______ Principle, defining _____ as pleasure and the absence of pain. LH) 122
4. According to Nigel, the best way for a Benthamite to maximize pleasure and minimize pain would be to plug into what? OR, who was Bentham's famous pupil and critic, who said maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain is not all there is to the good life? LH 125
5. What Irish-born critic of the French Revolution said it was a sham, proclaiming equality as a pretext for redistributing property? PB 129
6. According to Moore, where does Kant rank among philosophers? PB 142
BONUS: Who said “Immanuel Kant was a real pissant who was very rarely stable"?
BONUS+: Who did Kant say "awakened from his dogmatic slumbers”?
BONUS++: Who had a walking stick he called "Dapple" and a teapot called "Dick"?
1. Do you think it would be possible to communicate with an intelligent alien, whose mental "spectacles" might not perceive space, time, cause-and-effect, etc., as we do? How? Or do you think such categories must be universal among all forms of intelligence? Why?
2. Have you ever gone out of your way to help a stranger? Did you do so because you thought it was the right thing to do, because you felt sympathetic for the stranger's plight, or for some other reason? Do you agree with Kant that dutifulness alone is morally relevant to such acts?
3. Do you agree that maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain are the main (if not exclusive) criteria of ethical action? Why or why not?
4. There's a (false) old saying that he or she who finishes the game with the most toys wins. What about finishing with the most blissful experiences? Would that make you a winner? Would a lifetime of blissful experiences, "real" or not, be tempting to you?
5. What's so funny about liberty, equality, and fraternity? (An Elvis Costello question)
OR, Is redistributivist activism a pretext, or a legitimate political program?
6. Who, in your opinion at this stage of your philosophical education, is #1 (in terms of insight, influence, wit and charm or whatever)?