1. Life in a state of nature would be _______, poor, nasty, brutish, and _____. (Fill in one blank for full credit.) LH 58
2. What was Hobbes' metaphorical image of the civilized state he thought people were driven by fear to prefer to a state of nature? LH 59
3. Hobbes was a _______, convinced that all aspects of existence including thinking are ______ activities. LH 60
4. The branch of philosophy concerned with what we can know and how we can know it is called _________. P 103
5. Like other skeptical arguments, the Illusion argument challenges our everyday belief, or common-sense ______. P 105
6. In a _____ dream, the dreamer is aware that he or she is dreaming. P 107.
BONUS: What do sceptics rarely call into question or doubt? P 109
BONUS+: What special object did Hobbes carry with him on his walks? LH 57
1. Would life in a state of nature be as bad as Hobbes thought? In your experience, are most people naturally distrustful, hostile, aggressive, and vicious? Or are we "noble savages," made less so by civilization and its institutions?
2. Is the threat of insecurity and fear of violent death great enough for most people to override their desire for personal freedom? Is safety more important to you than liberty? Does it bother you that the government may be monitoring your calls, emails, etc.?
3. If you agree with Hobbes that humans left to themselves would revert to base, aggressive, instinctive behavior, do you also agree that the only corrective for this condition is an all-powerful and authoritative central state? Can individuals change, and become more kind and compassionate? Or is this beyond our programming?
4. Is it possible to know that human nature is inherently good or bad? Or must we treat one another as individuals, and not exemplars of a universal nature?
5. Is "common sense" fundamentally in error about reality, or mostly on target? How do you explain the errors of what used to be common sense (such as the flatness of earth, the rectitude of slavery, etc.?)
6. Do you dream lucidly? Do you believe it's possible to know that you're dreaming whiledreaming, and to control your dreams? Is it possible to alter the "real world" by controlling your dreams? (And can you explain "Inception"?!)