Up@dawn 2.0

Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Quiz March 3

Image result for nasty brutish and short

1. Life in a state of nature would be _______, poor, nasty, brutish, and _____. (Fill in one blank for full credit.) LH 58

2. What was Hobbes' metaphorical image of the civilized state he thought people were driven by fear to prefer to a state of nature? LH 59

3. Hobbes was a _______, convinced that all aspects of existence including thinking are ______ activities. LH 60


4. The branch of philosophy concerned with what we can know and how we can know it is called _________. P 103

5. Like other skeptical arguments, the Illusion argument challenges our everyday belief, or common-sense ______. P 105

6. In a _____ dream, the dreamer is aware that he or she is dreaming. P 107.

BONUS: What do sceptics rarely call into question or doubt? P 109

BONUS+: What special object did Hobbes carry with him on his walks? LH 57


1. Would life in a state of nature be as bad as Hobbes thought? In your experience, are most people naturally distrustful, hostile, aggressive, and  vicious? Or are we "noble savages," made less so by civilization and its institutions?

2. Is the threat of insecurity and fear of violent death great enough for most people to override their desire for personal freedom? Is safety more important to you than liberty? Does it bother you that the government may be monitoring your calls, emails, etc.?

3. If you agree with Hobbes that humans left to themselves would revert to base, aggressive, instinctive behavior, do you also agree that the only corrective for this condition is an all-powerful and authoritative central state? Can individuals change, and become more kind and compassionate? Or is this beyond our programming?

4. Is it possible to know that human nature is inherently good or bad? Or must we treat one another as individuals, and not exemplars of a universal nature?

5. Is "common sense" fundamentally in error about reality, or mostly on target? How do you explain the errors of what used to be common sense (such as the flatness of earth, the rectitude of slavery, etc.?)

6. Do you dream lucidly? Do you believe it's possible to know that you're dreaming whiledreaming, and to control your dreams? Is it possible to alter the "real world" by controlling your dreams? (And can you explain "Inception"?!)


  1. H01- Group 1

    FQ: (T/F) Thomas Hobbes had serious interest only in philosophy. (LH 60)

    FQ: The ideal state described by Hobbes is what we would now call a(n) __________ state. (LH 61)

    FQ: The _______ Argument is a skeptical argument which questions the reliability of the senses. (P 104)

    FQ: What philosopher argued that the concept of dreaming makes it logically impossible to ask the question "Am I dreaming?" while in a dream. (P 107)

  2. H01- Group 1

    FQ: What was the name of Hobbes' most important book? (LH 59)
    FQ:(T/F) Hobbes was a materialist. (LH 60)
    FQ: What is "a state of nature" according to Hobbes? (LH 58)
    FQ: Questioning our senses falls under the category of the theory of knowledge, or _________. (P 103).
    DQ: Do humans have souls, or are they merely a sum of their physical components?

  3. H01 - Group 2

    FQ: What argument do skeptics use to bring into question the reliability of the senses? (P 104)
    FQ: What word did Hobbes use to describe a powerful individual or group that could hold a society together? (LH 59)
    FQ: Hobbes was notorious for not believing in the existence of ____? (LH 61)

  4. H01 Group 2, FQs

    1. What helped Hobbes live such a long life? (Bonus: How old was he when he died?) (LH 57)
    2. What is the branch of philosophy known as the theory of knowledge also known as? (P 103)

  5. Section 8 Group 2:
    F(Q): What important fact about observation is mostly neglected of the scientific method? (P124)
    D(Q): Do you think we are living in a dream, do you think that Descartes took his skepticism to far ?

    Alyssa's questions:
    F(Q): What is epistemology?(PB 62)
    D(Q): Do you think that the scientific method is as reliable as the scientists believe, why or why not?