Up@dawn 2.0

Tuesday, March 17, 2015

Quiz March 17

Happy St. Pat's Day! (and happy b'day to my sister)...

The quiz originally scheduled for March 5:

1. Sarah Bakewell says 16th century French philosopher Michel de Montaigne was following whose example, when he retreated to his tower to write and reflect? PB 52

2. What was Montaigne's "near death experience," and what did it teach him? PB 53

3. What did Montaigne learn from the Epicureans? PB 54


4. The view that we do not perceive objects directly and immediately, but infer them as the causes of our inner ideas or representations, is called representational _______. P 111

OR,
Primary qualities, according to John Locke, include size, shape, and movement. What kind of qualities are color, smell, and taste? P 111

5. When Samuel Johnson kicked a stone and said "I refute it thus," what view (or whose) was he trying to refute? P 116


Image result for samuel johnson i refute it thus

6. The view that physical objects are just patterns of actual or possible sense experiences is called what? P 117

BONUS: The most satisfactory theory of perception so far, says Nigel, is causal realism. Its starting point is that the biological function of our senses is what? P 118-119

BONUS: A.C. Grayling says "you can't do ____ in philosophy unless you've engaged with _____."

BONUS: How did Montaigne differ from Descartes with respect to the role of doubt? PB 57

BONUS: Name one of the philosophers Bakewell (or Oliver) says Montaigne influenced. PB 59

BONUS: What skeptical slogan did Montaigne inscribe on the ceiling of his study? U@d






DQ:

1. At what age do you hope to retire? What will you do with yourself then? Will you plan to spend more time thinking?

2. Have you had a near-death experience, or known someone who did? What did it teach you/them? How often does the thought occur to you that you're always one misstep (or fall, or driving mistake) away from death?

3. What have you learned, so far, about "how to live"? Have you formulated any life-lessons based on personal experience, inscribed any slogans, written down any "rules"?

4. Are there any "authorities" (personal, textual, political, religious, institutional, traditional...) to whom you always and automatically defer? Can you justify this, intellectually or ethically?

5. Can you give an example of something you believe on the basis of probability, something else you believe because it has to be true (= follows necessarily from other premises you accept as true), and something you believe because you think it's the "best explanation")? Do you think most of your beliefs conform to one or another of these kinds of explanation?

6. Do you think science makes genuine progress? Does it gradually give us a better, richer account of the natural world and our place in it? Is there a definite correlation between technology and scientific understanding? Do you think there is anything that cannot or should not be studied scientifically? Why?

7 comments:

  1. FQ: (T/F) Sarah Blakewell says Montaigne can be compare more to a novelist than a philosopher in his writings. (PB 56)
    FQ: (T/F) Montaigne had a tendency to contradict himself.(PB 55)
    FQ: (T/F) Idealists only believe that objects exist when they are being perceived. (P 113)
    FQ: What is solipism? (P 115)

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  2. The answer to the second bonus question is on PB 69

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  3. For 3/19/2015

    H01-Group 1
    FQ: (T/F) Descartes concluded that we couldn’t really trust our senses as a point of certainty. (LH 64)

    FQ: For Pascal, the ____ was the organ that leads us to God. (LH 71)

    FQ: (T/F) Historically, science agreed with 'truth by authority.' (P 121)

    FQ: (T/F) Philosophy of mind, like psychology, is an experimental subject. (P 137)

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  4. Section 8 Group 2: FQ's for Kayla and Alyssa

    1. A deductive argument begins with particular premises and the moves to _________.
    (P pg. 125)

    2. What age did Pascal live to be? (LH pg. 70)

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  5. Regarding: DQ 2. Have you had a near-death experience, or known someone who did? What did it teach you/them? How often does the thought occur to you that you're always one misstep (or fall, or driving mistake) away from death?

    I once mysteriously incurred a rare blood infection without knowing it and became very ill. I was a single mother at the time and by the time I went to the hospital, because I felt very bad, I was told that I was very near death. I was put on an IV and had to take powerful medications by IV for days every few hours. I had a ridiculous fever, but the medication began working nearly immediately and thank goodness, did fight the infection well.

    It occurred to me then that life is incredibly fleeting. I'd always worried that about being hit by a car, attacked by someone or facing some other life threatening experience from the outside. After this, I became distinctly aware that the tiniest scratch at the wrong moment, that one would not even notice, could kill you just as quickly. It was a scary thought.

    This led me, however, to an epiphany. If life is so incredibly fragile, one should not fear living and experiencing most things, to moderation. You cannot control the fact that there are many dangers just waiting to pounce upon you and you cannot simply ignore them, but you can realise that living in fear is rather ridiculous. So, I am careful but not too careful, I enjoy my life as I know that each moment could be my last. I try to keep it in mind, not to scare myself, but to remind myself that I should be careful with my words and actions so that if I should suddenly die..my last moments will at least not leave a scar on someone else's heart.

    A quote from William Carleton
    http://izquotes.com/quotes-pictures/quote-careful-with-fire-is-good-advice-we-know-careful-with-words-is-ten-times-doubly-so-william-carleton-281879.jpg

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  6. Regarding: DQ 3. What have you learned, so far, about "how to live"? Have you formulated any life-lessons based on personal experience, inscribed any slogans, written down any "rules"?

    I have learned a lot about how to live and I do have my own rules.

    1) We are all immortal, our memory is all that lives on.

    Everyone remembers certain people in their lives, for good or bad. When we die, that is what remains. So, one should attempt to leave a good legacy, rather than a bad one. After all, we all affect each other in some manner. The smallest moments can lead to a lesson learned, a low self image or a new drive towards a new passion. We can choose to leave positivity in our wake.

    2) Never trust anyone fully, not even yourself.

    By this, I mean that we are all flawed, we all learn and change constantly based on experience. No One is always good or always bad. You, therefore, cannot implicitly trust anyone. Everyone has some level of self interest at heart, it's a survival technique imbedded in our DNA. Trust, but not fully. Trust instead that you can not trust totally and that you will be at some point disappointed by some error. Accept it and be not surprised.

    3) Life is not fair.

    Teaching our children that everyone must get the same thing and must be equal is ridiculous. Life is not fair, not at any point. Some will have more and some less. Sometimes, doing good will not mean that you will receive good. Sometimes, hard work does not pay off. Life is not fair and the sooner you realise that, the sooner you can stop wallowing about how unfair things are and get on with your life.

    4) Every person on earth is like a rat in a cage. Do not choose to be trapped.

    By this I mean that we all have our doubts, our fears, our things that trap us. We are sure that we cannot do X, that we must do X and that due to X that occurred in the past or where we came from, we can only possibly achieve X. The fact is, none of those things are true.

    You can choose to break free. You can choose to work past your issues, to fight your demons and to break the mould. There is always a way, if you are willing to look deep within yourself and make that choice.

    5) You create your world.

    The mind is a powerful thing, be it an ally or an enemy. We create situations, put ourselves into situations and mould them to prove to ourselves that we are right, every day. We assume and by assuming and knowing what will occur, we lead ourselves into making them occur. So, think positively and make positive things happen.

    6) It is your business.

    If it happens in front of you, if you can hear it, it is your business. Too many times, people stand by while things occur that are wrong. Their inaction is most often due to thinking that it is not their business, they should not get involved and someone else will do it. It is wrong.
    All it takes for evil to win is for a good man to do nothing.
    I make it my business. It is my business, as a human being, to stand up to injustice and to fight against inaction. I do not ignore the need of my fellow man or animal. I do what I can because I must. One day, I might just be "not your business" and perhaps, you will remember the time that I came to your aid.

    7) LOVE.

    Feel passionately, live and love. We have the ability to experience such wonderful emotions, such amazing heights and lows. Do not deny yourself, ever, from these experiences. Cry, laugh, be surprised and above all else.. love. Love deeply, madly and without reserve. You might end up hurt, perhaps you will go through the pain of loss, but you will never forget the moments of joy. There is enough bad in this world, enjoy the good.

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  7. Re: DQ 1. At what age do you hope to retire? What will you do with yourself then? Will you plan to spend more time thinking?

    I do not plan to retire in the common sense. I plan to cure all diseases, including aging. I'm certain that will take me at least a lifetime. That is, unless I cure aging entirely in time to save myself, in which case, I will go on to complete other tasks that I feel are important.

    I do not believe that anything is impossible, merely unlikely or possible "with greater time and effort or education". I believe in living outside the box, without apology. Perhaps, my aspirations are crazy but perhaps, others are crazy for not having them as well. I suppose that only time will tell.

    I'm including a link to a blog by K. Phelps on living outside the box that I find rather interesting.
    http://kphelpsoutsidethebox.blogspot.com/2013/01/what-does-living-outside-box-mean.html

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