Karl Heinrich Marx was born May 5, 1818 in Trier, Germany. Marx’s father was a rabbi but his family had to convert to Protestantism in order to avoid persecution. Fleeing persecution was to become a common theme in Karl Marx’s life. Marx attended the University of Bonn when he was seventeen to study law. While he was there Marx met and became engaged to Jenny von Westphalen.
After studying at Bonn for a few years, Marx moved to the University of Berlin. While there, Marx studied G.W.F Hegel and was influenced by his work. Marx eventually received his Doctorate degree.
When Marx and Engels moved to Brussels, the pair was appointed to write The Communist Manifesto. This work was published in 1848. This book inspired many revolutionaries throughout Europe. Marx was again forced to leave Brussels. Marx, Engels and Marx’s family moved to London, which would be Marx’s final home.
In London, Marx lived with his wife and three children. The couple would have two more children but only three in all would live to see adulthood. The Marx family lived in an underprivileged environment. Marx made money from some publications but the family mostly lived off of money given to them by Engels.
|Headstone in Highgate Cemetery|