Up@dawn 2.0

Saturday, November 8, 2014

Sections 9 & 14 Study Guides

UPDATE: As of Saturday noon Sunday afternoon the study guide questions still have not all been gathered. It's time for me to finish making the exams. So, sections 9 &14, in addition to those below* your exams may also include questions/topics from the other sections' study guides.

Not scoring when you have an opportunity is called LOB ("left on base"). Those would-be runs can come back to bite you.

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(Saturday) Take the initiative, someone: copy and paste your section's study guide. I don't need the runs, myself.

Also: scroll down and remind yourself "how to study..." Don't just memorize stuff. Read, think, re-read, reflect, maybe write a few notes (because writing wires the brain's memory circuits), then relax and get some sleep. Sometimes life is a ballgame, sometimes it's an examination, but you're always better at it when rested and ready... (continues)

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* Exam 2- Section 9 Group 1

1. Historically science replaced what?
2. (T/F) Descartes was more certain of his mind than his body.
3. (T/F) Locke believed God would punish people for all crimes.
4. According to George Berkeley, anything that stops being _______ ceases to _______.
5. Who said "There is more to seeing than meets the eyeball?" 
6. According to Millican, does Hume think we're "wrong" (as well as mistaken) to expect the future to resemble the past?
7. Esse est percipi means what?
8. (T/F) Hume believed that the Design Argument was based on bad logic
9. (T/F) According to Rousseau, human beings are naturally good.
10. Who showed the flaws in Locke's idea that a man is not the same person as he was as a child?

Section 9 Group 3 Exam 2 Study Guide

  1.What was Rousseau’s famous book on society and freedom
a.     The Social Contract
    2.  David Hume was influenced by ___________________
a.     John Locke
   3. (T/F) For Locke, questions of personal identity were connected with moral responsibility
a.     True
   4. René Descartes believed what could prove God’s existence?
a.      The ontological argument
   5. What was Voltaire’s famous quote about protecting free speech?
a.     I do not agree with what you have to say, but I'll defend to the death your right to say it.
  6. Instead of focusing on abstract philosophical questions, what did Voltaire believe humans should do?
a.     Get out there and help the world.
  7.  (T/F) Voltaire agreed with the German philosopher, Leibniz.
a.     False
   8. What was the name of the character in Candide that is based on Leibiniz?
a.     Pangloss
   9. What’s the difference between psychology and philosophy of the mind?
a.     Psychology is a scientific approach and involves observation
b.     Philosophy of the mind is a an analysis of the concept of the mind.\
  10.  Did Hume believe in the Ontological argument?
a.     No, he did not.
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Section 14, group 2-
1. What strange and mythic specter did Gilbert Ryle compare to Descartes' dualism of mind and body? ("The ____ in the ______.") GHOST, MACHINE
2. Historically, scientific observation and tests replaced "truth by ______" as exemplified by Aristotle and the Church. AUTHORITY
3. Pascal thought if you gamble on god and lose, "you lose ______." NOTHING
4. Those who agree with Descartes that mind and body, the mental and physical, represent metaphysically distinct and separate substances are called what? DUALISTS
5. Spinoza's view, that God and nature (or the universe) are the same thing, is called _______. SPINOZISM
6. According to John Locke, all our knowledge comes from _____; hence, the mind of a newborn is a ______. EXPERIENCE, BLANK SLATE
7. Kant said we can't know the _______ world of things-in-themselves, but we can know the _______ world of appearances as presented by our mental "spectacles." NOUMENAL, PHENOMENAL
8. If (and only if) you help an injured stranger because _________ (it's your duty, you feel sorry for him), Kant says, you've acted morally. IT’S YOUR DUTY
9. English poet Alexander Pope said "Whatever is, is ____." (inevitable, beautiful, right) RIGHT
10. Was Voltaire an atheist? NO

3 comments:

  1. I am not signed up to make my own post, but here are some questions from Section 14, group 2 for the study guide.

    1. What strange and mythic specter did Gilbert Ryle compare to Descartes' dualism of mind and body? ("The ____ in the ______.") GHOST, MACHINE
    2. Historically, scientific observation and tests replaced "truth by ______" as exemplified by Aristotle and the Church. AUTHORITY
    3. Pascal thought if you gamble on god and lose, "you lose ______." NOTHING
    4. Those who agree with Descartes that mind and body, the mental and physical, represent metaphysically distinct and separate substances are called what? DUALISTS
    5. Spinoza's view, that God and nature (or the universe) are the same thing, is called _______. SPINOZISM
    6. According to John Locke, all our knowledge comes from _____; hence, the mind of a newborn is a ______. EXPERIENCE, BLANK SLATE
    7. Kant said we can't know the _______ world of things-in-themselves, but we can know the _______ world of appearances as presented by our mental "spectacles." NOUMENAL, PHENOMENAL
    8. If (and only if) you help an injured stranger because _________ (it's your duty, you feel sorry for him), Kant says, you've acted morally. IT’S YOUR DUTY
    9. English poet Alexander Pope said "Whatever is, is ____." (inevitable, beautiful, right) RIGHT
    10. Was Voltaire an atheist? NO

    ReplyDelete
  2. For any last minute reviewers, the answers to section 9 group 1 questions:

    1. truth by authority
    2. true
    3. false
    4. observed; exists
    5.
    6. no
    7. to be (or exist) is to be perceived
    8. true
    9. true
    10. Thomas Reid

    ReplyDelete