Up@dawn 2.0

Monday, March 31, 2014

Daily Quiz

March 31
(Happy Opening Day!)

1. Who said experience and knowledge are created by (metaphorical) filters or spectacles we can never remove, but that provide an answer to David Hume and the skeptics?

2. What's another name for phenomena and noumena? OR, What's the difference for Kant between "analytic" and "synthetic" knowledge? (Which gives us new information?)

3. How did Kant feel about feelings? OR, What would Kant say about helping a homeless person because just because you feel sorrow and compassion for him?

4. What was Kant's view of lying? OR, What (in your own words) is the categorical imperative? OR, How did Kant differ from Aristotle's view of virtue?

5. What was Jeremy Bentham's main utilitarian principle? OR, What did he call his method for calculating happiness?

6. Did Bentham think some pleasures (such as that derived from poetry) are inherently superior (to, say, that derived from baseball, or walking)? OR, What did Robert Nozick's thought experiment seem to show about Bentham's view of pleasure?

7. What Irish conservative supported the American colonies' revolt against King George?

8. What critic hastened the collapse of high/low distinctions and "genteel" culture, and the democratization of culture in America?

1. Kant. 2. appearance, reality-111-12; synthetic-113.  3. irrelevant to moral action-115-16. 4. Irrational, thus always wrong; [universalizable]; Aristotle said virtue includes appropriate feelings-117-18; 120. 5. Greatest Happiness-122; Felicific Calculus-123. 6. No-123; not all are equal-125. 7. Edmund Burke-PB 125. 8. Gilbert Seldes-175-6.

ALSO OF NOTE:

DQ: Did Kant think free will, immortality, and God could be proved? Did he think believe in them was irrational? PB 142

  1. FQ: Who thought synthetic a priori knowledge, knowledge that reveals truth about the world yet is arrived at independant of experience, was possible? -Immanuel Kant LH 113

    DQ: Do emotions and intentions play a part in whether or not a person is considered to be acting morally, or is morality a strictly reason-based claim?

    Link: Here is a link to a three minute philosophy video all about Immanuel Kant. It's a bit vulgar at places, but I thought it was funny and rather informative. =]
    http://youtu.be/xwOCmJevigw
    ReplyDelete
  2. Stephanie Byars4:06 PM CDT
    Study Guide Question: (T/F) John Locke believed that someone could be the same "man" but not the same person as time goes on. (ANS: True)

    FQ: Who helped spark the collapse of high/low distinctions with his commentary on the arts and supported vaudeville, comics, TV, radio, movies, and jazz? (Gilbert Seldes, AP pg. 175)

    DQ: Does a work being crude or "lowbrow" devalue its importance?

    DQ2: What are examples of "lowbrow" art/media today?

    Link: Here's a short video about Aesthetics which is a a branch of philosophy that's about the nature of art, beauty, and taste. . .
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pZe20gfFN8
    ReplyDelete
  3. Study guide question: (T/F) Voltaire was strongly opposed to the separation of church and state. (F)

    FQ: In 1839, lowbrow ___________ _________, performing in 'As You Like It' at Philadelphia's American Theater, shared the bill with a "magnificent display" of gymnastic position. (William Burton, pg. 172)

    FQ: Who was counted as popular entertainment in nineteenth-century America? (Shakespeare, pg. 173)

    DQ: D.W. Griffith's "middlebrow" piece, "The Birth of a Nation," was aimed at the masses, and was met with great success. Seeing how this is a tremendously racist film, despite its production scale, what are the implications of this for american society.?

    DQ: How would you define something (if anything) as a type of brow? (low, middle, or high). Is this an arbitrary value? Is it Subjective?
  1. Study Guide Questions
    1. Machiavelli said a prince needs ______, the Italian word for manliness. (Virtu)
    2. What 18th century skeptical Scottish Empiricist rejected the Design Argument (aka Teleological Argument) for the existence of God? (David Hume)
    3. What does cogito ergo sum mean? (“I Think, Therefore I Am”)
    4. Which French philosopher wrote a play parodying the idea that everything (including devastating earthquakes, disease, rape, murder, torture,...) always works out for the best in our "best of all possible worlds," and said we must each "cultivate our garden"? (Voltaire)
    5. What recently-deceased legal scholar rejected the separation of law and morality, and said only conscious beings have "interests"? (Ronald Dworkin)
    6. What's the all-time Philosophy best-seller (excluding the Bible). (Durant’s Story of Philosophy)
    7. What 18th century Irish philosopher/bishop denied the existence of matter and said that, in a world consisting of nothing but ideas, "to be is to be perceived"? (George Berkeley)
    8. Was Hume unworried about dying because he'd publicly declared himself an atheist? (No-He never publicly declared it)
    9. What did Richard Rorty think we understand better when we abandon notions such as "the intrinsic nature of reality" and "correspondence to reality"? (Truth)
    10. Who invented Cartesian coordinates and invented the Cartesian method of doubt? (How many syllables in his name? What's it rhyme with?) (Descartes)
    ReplyDelete
  2. (PB) Bourke (p. 124-131)

    FQ: What was the major issue of the day when Burke entered Parliament in 1766?
    FQ: In regards to the breakaway of the colonies, Burke was opposed to this person: _____ ______ __
    FQ: Because of his reaction to the Revolution of France, Burke was regarded as _______.
    FQ: Who does Richard Bourke say Burke had a lot in common with?

    DQ: What kind of political system of organization do you think is necessary for a society to be stable?

    LINK: http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/e/edmund_burke.html
    This is just a link to some awesome quotes from Edmund Burke.
  1. #FirstPost

    Apparently we are looking at the world through a pair of pink sunglasses? According to Kant everything we see is just through our own prospective. Immanuel Kant was a strategical person who always had a schedule. I believe that his works of philosophy show his lifestyle of what I believe was probably early ADHD. (even though thats not real). Kant saw the world in two different ways, noumenal, which lies behind natural appearance and the phenomenal world, which we can observe. This weeks reading including a two part on Kant. The second part included his idea on what was moral and what wasn't. He states that the moral is always the truth, never any lies and includes the down right most kind way of life. His idea of immoral was similar to how most people see it now. I believe all in all Kant had this world figured out to a certain extent. No wonder he is on most of the top philosophers charts.

    DQ: Do Kant's ideas of how we see the world interest you?

    FQ: What philosopher claimed that lying under any circumstance was immoral?

    FQ: If it isn't right for everyone, it can't be right for _____?
    ReplyDelete
  2. LH- Jeremy Bentham:

    Bentham focus was on Happiness. Most happiness come from pleasure, but there are few people who can gain happiness from pain; I don't see how that is, but they do. Bentham idea of happy is whatever will produce the most happiness to a person. it's about a person feelings. Happiness is more pleasure and less pain. Everyone tries to seek it, which I believe they should. Who wants pain or to be unhappy. The more pleasure you see the more happier you will probably be. Bentham said measure your happiness by thinking on what you did to feel good. P123 explains in details how to measure that happiness. Bentham also think you should lie, not like Kant in always telling the truth, he believe that it is not always wrong. If it is the morally right thing to do then it is okay. If further believe that animal fit his standard of happiness they may not be able to speak, but that they are capable of pain and pleasure. Yet not everyone wish to maximize their pleasure or minimize their pain.

    FQ: What is the name of the method that Bentham had for calculating happiness? Felicific Calculus, LH p123

    FQ: Did Bentham agree with Kant on being truthful no matter what? NO, LH p124

    DQ: How do you go about having more happiness in your life?

    Here is a calculation on how happy you are with your life in TIME. My results was that I am slightly happy with my life. Try it!
    http://content.time.com/time/interactive/0,31813,2028999,00.html
jason dziadosz5:02 PM CDT
hey all! sorry I wasn't in class Wednesday, been out of town. am back and will see you tomorrow. for now though, some thoughts on bentham!

FQ: University College London has Jeremy Bentham's ______ on display? it's quite creepy....(121).

FQ: what name did Bentham give to his method of calculating happiness? (123).

FQ: Bentham believed that the rightness or wrongness of what we do comes down to what? (124).

DQ: IS it ok to tell a little white lie, if it results in someone's happiness. we all do it all the time, but where do you draw the line??

LINK: http://ethicsforteachers.pbworks.com/f/calvin_happy2.jpg

welcome back Calvin and Hobbes!

  1. I was floating Wed and ended up in group 2. We got to talking about miracles also there was slight confusion on my part on the miracle understand, but Prof. Oliver cleared that up for me. We discussed a lot about "one's self". We talked about the the buddhist view and perspective on it along with Hume's view. I can see how there is question that if we take all the parts that make up a self there must not be anything there. I believe this is what lead many people to believe Hume was an Atheist although he never claimed to be. Overall great discussion.

    1. What's the all-time Philosophy best-seller (excluding the Bible) Durant's Story of Philosophy, AP 170
    2. What did Hume relate the basis of scientific reasoning to? (Animal Instinct, PB pg. 103)
    3. What distinction of John Locke's did Berkeley reject? primary/secondary qualities
    4. What does 'Esse est percipi' mean? to be is to be perceived
    5. What does cogito ergo sum mean? I think therefore I am
    ReplyDelete
  2. FQ: According to ________ it was possible by a pure excerise of reason to arrive at substantive conclusions about nature of reality.
    DQ: Without having analytic truth, could we still have synthetic truth?
    Link: http://eng7001.wordpress.com/2013/09/10/groundwork-for-critical-theory/

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