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Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Philosopher's Guild(H) Exam Questions

Questions for Exam 1:
Do philosophers directly influence American politics as much as they influence politics in other countries? (No)

Who thought America paid the least attention to Philosophy?
-Alexis De Tocqueville

Who pushed philosophy to becoming a full fledges discipline? William James

what figure in history has been most associated with the question? (Socrates)

Who stated that "Truth issues only from deliberation conducted under maximum conditions of openness and freedom"?
Answer: Habermas

Why was Socrates executed.
He was seen as a corrupting influence to the youth. 

Who wrote "Idiot America: How Stupidity Became a Virtue in the Land of the Free"? (Charles Pierce)

Who said "Conclusive refutations of philosophical positions are about as rare as sightings of the ivory-billed woodpecker"?(MIT Philosopher Alex Byrne) 

How many literary works and teachings did Socrates write? (Absolutely nothing, Socrates himself never wrote down anything, most of what we have is from Plato).

Why did philosophy become stunted after the death of Aristotle? (For years afterwards, people thought Aristotle was right about everything so they quit trying to think and disprove his theories even when some were incorrect. 

What famous conqueror was thought to have been taught by Aristotle? (Alexander the Great). 

How did Aristotle believe one could increase their chance at eudaimonia? -By developing the right kind of character.

Who was Aristotle's book, Nicomachean Ethics thought to have been named after?
Answer: Either his father or son. 

what school did Aristotle start? (Lyceum)

Who authored the book "The Rise of American Philosophy"? Bruce Kuklick
Who argued that the fear of death was a waste of time and based on bad logic? Epicurus

what school of philosophy is Pyrrho credited with founding? (skepticism)

How did Epicurus sum up his whole philosophy?(I was not; I have been; I am not; I do not mind)

What was Cicero's philosophy called? (Stoicism)

What are the stoics most famous for according to A Little History of Philosophy? (mental control). 

According to A Little History of Philosophy, which stoic started out as a slave? Epictetus

 How did Cicero die?
Answer: He was assassinated

What was the painted porch in Athens where the philosophers used to meet called? (Stoa)

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