Up@dawn 2.0

Friday, May 3, 2013

Exam #3 review

Topics to review, in addition to those below: Derek Matravers on art and "the Fountain," John Lachs on what Stoic Pragmatists are committed to, Peter Singer on speciesism, Don Cupitt on the “commitment [that] has become my religion,” and Anthony Grayling on  “the best and deepest thinking about ethics."

You can again prepare your extra credit response in advance: either write a couple of paragraphs on what you consider the most important thing(s) you've learned about philosophy (or learned to do more philosophically) this semester, OR supply and respond to your own discussion question. JPO


1. Thomson thought that the question of abortion is settled by deciding whether a fetus is a person if not.

-False

2. Who created the Chinese room thought experiment? This experiment was designed to show that a computer can't really think even if it seems to.

-Searle

3. What are the two problems Law finds with evil and God?

- Logical – suppose that the existence of evil is strictly incompatible with the existence of God

- Evidential – assumes that the existence of evil is strong evidence against the existence of a good God.

4. Barry Smith believes that the taste of a wine and the qualities we assign to it reveals something about the external world.

-True

5. Whose philosophy was not based on purely abstract ideas?

-Arendt, based her philosophy on recent history and lived experience.
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Q:Who states The main problem about human existence is its fragility?
A:Cottingham

Q:T/F, De Botton said when we describe buildings as beautiful we’re alluding to material versions of many of the qualities that we think of as good in other parts of life.
A: True

Q:A tester is in one room, typing a conversation on to a screen. The tester doesn't know whether he or she is having a conversation with another person in a different room via the screen – or with a computer generating its own answers. If during the conversation the tester can't tell whether there is a person or a human being responding, the computer passes the ________
A:Turing Test

Q:In Philippa Foot’s runaway train experiment if you decide to run over the 1 person on the tracks and not the five people then you mostly agree with what type of philosophy?
A:Utilitarianism 

Q:Sartre ,who said “we are completely responsible for what we do every day and how we feel about what we do.”, has the view of a/an ______
A:Extentialist 
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