Up@dawn 2.0

Thursday, September 29, 2011

Karl Marx (Group 5, Section 001.)

Karl Marx, probably the most recent of philosophers to influence the study of political-science, developed one of the most powerful ideologies in the world today: the "haves" and the "have-nots." In Marx's argument against a free-market society, the unfair relationship between the producers and consumers is unfair; the consumers are being exploited for the betterment of the "few" who own industry and who own stocks in the economy. Because of this causal relationship, a "classless" society will eventually collapse and fail. The internal contradictions embedded in the free-market, he argued, will cause nations to become economically stagnant. In the Marxist view, the benefits 0f the society should be shared with everyone, and not just those who, as Adam Smith suggested long before Marx, "have the cheapest products to sell."

Wednesday, September 28, 2011

-Life...Enjoy it-

Group 3 (01)

We went outside to discuss Arthur Schopenhauer's, or as he is known on the street Schallalladingong, philosophy and pessimistic views. we had a poignant discussion that produced two questions. Also, a bee flew into my backpack and lived there for a while. It frightened me to no end.

The factual question is as follows:

True or False: Schopenhauer is most know for his optimism.

The answer is false

The discussion question is as follows:

Do you agree with Schopenhauer's pessimistic view of our existence? Explain.

Test Tips


group 1 (17)

So I'm really sorry that I've failed to post early twice in a row guys...

In class we talked about Kant and his three critiques. We also went through the questions that could possibly be on the test Wednesday the 28th.


Which of these is not one of the Three Critiques of Kant?
A. Critique of Practical Reason
B. Critique of Absurdity
C.Critique of Judgement
D. Critique of Pure Reason

Answer: B

Does the Sublime change the way we think about things?

Hegel created a world view of philosophy. He believed that people are defined by each other and the roles they play in the world. He believes that "concepts are conceptual; their meaning depends on their contrasts and complements." That view is a rejection of Kant's philosophy, whom Hegel admired.

He believed that humanity works together to achieve a Weltgeist, or a world spirit. He believes we are all in this world together and we are striving for an all-embracing consciousness that will unify the world.

His goal was to find the absolute truth. He wanted people to be aware that they were part of something larger than themselves and realize that individual contribution to knowledge and truth are never quite definitive, but biased to one side or another.

Factual question: What is a Weltgeist?
World spirit

Discussion question: Hegel believed that the individual is second to the state. Do you believe this to be true?

Tuesday, September 27, 2011

Group 1-Section 1 "Philosophize Me Cap'n!"

Today's discussion was very interesting. We had the luck of having Dr. Oliver for our entire group discussion so any questions we had, we had the answer! Our whole group seemed to find Kant's theories very interesting, most notably, Kant's idea of categories. His ideology is very complex, but I believe we were able to hammer out the most confusing aspects with Dr. Oliver's help.
Personally, I found this discussion the most interesting because I felt very inspired by Kant's theory. I feel like I grasp his concept and see how it plays out in everyday life.

As you may have deduced, our topic was about Kant. Here are our factual questions:

What is the definition of a priori?
A. Universal and necessary, prior to experience
B. After experience


What book by Kant is considered the greatest single book in philosophy?
A. Critique of Reason
B. Critique of Pure Reason
C. Critique of Judgment
D. Critique of Practical Reason

answers: 1 (A)  2 (B)

And our main discussion question (although we had many we addressed!):

Kant says the categories stay the same and we, as humans,  all have the same categories. How is this so if our world and perceptions are changing constantly? Do you believe Kant prepared for the world to change? Why or why not? Generally, what are your thoughts?

Group 5 (17)

(So sorry for the lateness it didn't let allow me to post until I changed something on my settings.)

In our discussion we talked about Kierkegaard and his opinions about how people went to church and worshiped. Kierkegaard insisted that faith was by its very nature irrational, a passion rather than a provable belief. He believed that nothing should keep you from a direct link to God, like a priest or a church.Kierkegaard also coined the phrase "leap of faith."

Our factual question was What did Kierkegaard known to criticize ? The answer is Christendom

Our discussion question was Do you believe that passion is key to a meaningful existence?


Next is Exam #1, for sections 16 &17 on Wednesday & H1 on Thursday. I'm working on getting the Powerpoint slideshows up on this site but am encountering technical difficulties. I do have the "transcripts" of the slides posted below, though, and the original slideshows are now visible at my Up@dawn blog.

Bear in mind that the exam will be based on the topics your groups have selected, but precise wording of the questions will differ. So the best way to study is to re-read the relevant sections in our texts that address those topics. Also, you should review all your section's posts on the CoPhilosophy site. Any relevant questions there are eligible for inclusion on the exam, whether or not they're in the Powerpoint file.

And note: if I find it necessary to supplement the exam with additional questions, I will draw from topics I've mentioned explicitly in my own relevant Up@dawn & Delight Springs posts on our class dates. You should review them as well.

We'll be re-grouping on exam day, so you should sit near those you wish to work with in October before the sign-up sheet comes around.

One more thing: there will be an "extra credit" option: select one of the discussion questions your group has come up with, and write two good paragraphs in response. You may bring the question with you to the exam.

Co philosophy16factual - Presentation Transcript

  1. CoPhilosophy Fall 2011 Factual Questions Section 16
    • What god was the God of Destruction?
    • Group 5 Section 16
    • True or false: Kant’s great ideas can be summarized as “God, Reason, and Immorality?”
    • What is the book in which “The Myth of the Cave” came from?
    • Which philosopher suggested that the world was surrounded and ultimately born from water?
    • Group 3 (16)
    • How many Noble Truth’s are there?
      • A. 8
      • B. 4
      • C. 6
      • D. 3
      • Group 1 (16)
    • What is the earliest vedas?
    • Group 2 (16)
    • Who focused on the ethical and social conduct that would be conductive to a harmonious community?
    • Group 2 (16)
    • In 399 BC Socrates was brought to trial, charged with “corrupting the minds” of his students and famously executed. True or False?
    • Group 4 (16)
    • Who was the supreme God of Zoroastrianism?
    • A) Shiva
    • B) Ahura Mazda
    • C) Allah
    • D) Buddha
    • How do the authors of PW define logos?
    • Group 1 (16)
    • Which of the following is not one of the three levels of time and reality in Meso-American philosophy?
    • A. Ordinary
    • B. Spiritual
    • C. Mythical
    • D. Divine
    • What does dogmatic mean?
    • Crazy
    • Close Minded
    • Nice
    • Open minded
    • Group 3, 16
    • What is the philosophical ideal of the Stoics summarized as?
    • A: Apathy
    • B: Hatred
    • C: Love
    • Aristotle most rejected Plato’s theory of Forms.
    • A: True
    • B: False
    • Group 1 -16
  3. 3(16)
    • Who assumed that the mind was a blank tablet to be written by experience throughout ones life?
    • Who wrote the Social Contract
    • A: Hobbes
    • B: Rousseau
    • C: Locke
    • D: Hume
    • Who was Adam Smith’s best friend?
    • A: Thomas Jefferson
    • B: George Washington
    • C: David Hume
    • What is the claim that, from a given cause, the effect necessarily follows?
    • A: Determinism
    • B: Pantheism
    • C: Logic
    • Montaigne had recommended tolerance, Decartes instead recommeded reason.
    • True
    • False
    • ==
    • Co philosophy17factual - Presentation Transcript

      1. CoPhilosophy Fall 2011 Section 17 Factual Questions
        • What is Leibenz’s “Principle of Sufficient Reason”?
        • A. Reason is insufficient
        • B. You can not have faith without reason
        • C. Nothing happens without a Reason
        • D. Reason is the greatest enemy that faith has
        • What was the single most successful and longest lasting movement in Greco-Roman philosophy?
        • Aristotle emphasized the analysis of the physical world rather than the World of Forms.
        • A. True
        • B. False
        • Q: African tribal societies embraced animism, belief that entities throughout nature are endowed with souls.
        • What is often thought to be these souls
        • A.) gods
        • B.)demons
        • C.) ancestors
        • Q: True or False? Machiavelli and Hobbes broke with Aristotle's equation of politics and ethics?
        • Which one of these is not one of the “Four Noble Truths” of Buddhism?
        • A. Life is suffering
        • B. One can eliminate selfish craving by following the right way
        • C. Selfish craving can be eliminated
        • D. suffering arises from selflessness
        • The Chinese influenced the Greeks to believe in monotheism?
        • true or false
        • Philosophy is the ability to question everything.
        • A.) True
        • B.) False
        • Who is the goddess of destruction?
        • A.)Brahma
        • B.)Shiva
        • C.)Vishnu
        • D.)Parvati
        • Confucians believe that in order to be wise you must realize one’s unity with___.
        • A.)society
        • B.)nature
        • C.)One’s Self
        • Q: Is Shiva The “God Of Destruction”?
        • A.True
        • B.False
        • C.None of the above
        • Q: What Was known as Plato’s Masterpiece?
        • A. Apology
        • B. First Testament
        • C. The Republic
        • Q: Zoroastrianism originated where?
        • A) Africa
        • B) Egypt
        • C) Persia
        • Q: Why was Socrates taken to trial?
        • A) Because he cheated on his wife.
        • B) Because he accused of corrupting the youth.
        • C) Because he questioned a religious figure.
        • Who was considered the first Greek philosopher?
        • A) Anaximander
        • B) Pothagoras
        • C) Thales
        • Q: Meso-America philosophy had three levels of time and reality. Which one of these are NOT one of the three levels?
        • Mythical
        • Ordinary
        • Transcendence
        • Divine
      2. Group 3 - 17
        • Q. Who started the idea of skepticism
        • A. Plato
        • B. Socrates
        • C. Pyrrho
        • D. None of the Above
        • True or False
        • Mystics were often prosecuted by the church on chargers of heresy.
        • True or False
        • Reason is a gift from God and this is perfectly appropriate in religion.
      3. Group 4 (17)
        • What century did the Renaissance spread across Europe?
        • A.16 th
        • B.15 th
        • C.17 th
        • D.24th
      4. Group 3-17
        • True or False??
        • Scholasticism has nothing to do with your faith?
        • Which Philosopher said “I think there fore I am”?
        • A Descartes
        • B Montaigne
        • C Plato
        • D Spinoza
      5. Group 4(17)
        • True or False
        • John Locke believed their should be freedom of private property.
        • Question: Adam Smith’s “ An inquiry into the Causes of the Wealth of Nations” was known as the “Bible of capitalism”
        • A. True
        • B. false
      6. Group 3
        • True/False: Hume believes sympathy and utility motivates us.
        • What philosopher(s) most influenced Karl Marxs ?
        • A)Hegel
        • B)Feuerbach
        • C) both
        • D)none
        • What was Arthur Schopenhauer’s idea on life?
        • A. Optimistic
        • B. Pessimistic
        • C. Indiference
        • Hegel published his first book in 1807 “The Phenomenology of Sprit.” In this book Hegel concluded that phenomenology is “this sense of all-encompassing Spirit.” What does this mean?
        • A the Spirit only included the soul
        • B We are all in this together
        • C All disagreements are resolved
        • What was Kierkegaard known for criticizing?
        • A. Jews
        • B. Christians
        • C. Christendom
        • Which of these is not one of the three critiques of Kant?
        • A. Critique of practical reason
        • B. Critique of Absurdity
        • C. Critique of Judgment
        • D. Critique of pure reason
        • ==
        • Co philosophyh1factualqs - Presentation Transcript

          1. CoPhilosophy Fall 2011 Section H1 Factual Questions
          2. Channel Setting Instructions for ResponseCard RF 1. Press and release the "GO" or "CH" button. 2. While the light is flashing red and green, enter the 2 digit channel code (i.e. channel 1 = 01, channel 21 = 21). Channel is 41 3. After the second digit is entered, Press and release the "GO" or "CH" button. The light should flash green to confirm. 4. Press and release the "1/A" button. The light should flash amber to confirm.
          3. What are the central texts to Hinduism?
            • The Vedas
            • The Bible
            • Metamorphosis
          4. Where did the earliest recorded philosophies come from?
            • China
            • India
            • Germany
            • Greece
          5. What was Confucius’ most important “virtue” in any society?
            • Virtue
            • Honor
            • Integrity
            • Leadership
          6. What was Confucius’ most important “virtue” in any society?
            • Virtue
            • Leadership
            • Honor
          7. Who is traditionally said to be the first Greek philosopher?
            • Thales
            • Aristotle
            • Socrates
            • Plato
          8. True or false: Hebrews were the first group of people to worship a single god.
            • True
            • False
          9. Which of the following is not one of the Four Noble Truths?
            • Life is suffering
            • Suffering arises from selfish craving
            • Selfish craving can be eliminated
            • One can gain selfish craving by following the right way
          10. Which Greek philosopher used the theory of proportions to explain the nature of music and the movement of the heavens, among other things?
            • Pythagoras
            • Descartes
            • Jesus
          11. True or False: Skeptics believed that all belief is justifiable.
            • True
            • False
          12. True or false: The two fundamental elements of African philosophy are tribalism and identity with nature.
            • True
            • False
          13. True or False: Aristotle defended slavery
            • True
            • False
          14. Who was Aristotle’s teacher?
            • Socrates
            • Plato
          15. True or false: the stoics believed that emotions made us frustrated and/or unhappy?
            • False
            • True
          16. What best characterizes Stoicism?
            • Apathy
            • Reason
            • Unity with Nature
            • All of the above
          17.   In Taoism, is there a higher being that watches over the people?
            • Yes
            • No
          18. True or False: Hebrews believed that their God created the world from nothing
            • False
            • True
          19.   What is the belief that God and the universe are one in the same called?
            • A. Monotheism
            • B. Polytheism
            • C.Pantheism
            • D. Panthers
          20. What philosopher said that science and reasoning should not lead to the abandonment of religion? 
            • A. Descartes
            • B. Maimonides
            • C. Lady GaGa
            • D. Kant
          21. True or False
            • Schopenhauer is best known for his optimism.
          22. “ All knowledge comes from the senses” is a quote characterizing which philosophy?
            • A. Daoism
            • B. Empiricism
            • C. Confucianism
            • D. Scholarcism
          23. What is the definition of a priori?
            • Universal and necessary, prior to experience
            • After experience
          24. What book by Kant is considered the greatest single book in philosophy?
            • Critique of Reason
            • Critique of Pure Reason
            • Critique of Judgment
            • Critique of Practical Reason